The water drains by gravity, with the destination lower than the source, which is typically an upland aquifer. [2] The site was first added to UNESCO's list of tentative World Heritage Sites in 2007, then officially inscribed in 2016, collectively with several other qanats, as "The Persian Qanat".[3]. It contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. Gonabad (Persian: گناباد ‎, also Romanized as Gonābād; also known as Gūnābād; formerly Janābaz) is a city and capital of Gonabad County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.At the 2011 census, its population was 36,367, in 10,389 families. They had to pay rent for land and water to the landlords who could afford to finance all the proceedings required to maintain the qanats, for they were relatively wealthy. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. Qanats of Uroune, Moun, Chahak and Shirin as registered in world heritage site (administered by UNESCO) are among these Qanats. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. Apart from the Book of Alghani, which is considered a law booklet focusing on qanat-related rulings based on Islamic principles, there is another book about groundwater written by Karaji in the year 1010. In 1959 a reforme program named as the White Revolution was declared by the former Shah. These documents all certify the importance of qanats during Islamic history within the cultural territories of Iran. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. At the same time, another book, entitled Jame’ al-Kheyrat, was written by Seyyed Rokn al-Din on the same subject as Rashid's book. The introduction of modern devices, that made it possible to drill many deep wells and extract groundwater much more quickly, accelerated the qanats’ destruction. An aquatic masterpiece in the world that king Keikhosro, some people say the great Cyrus, ordered to build it. For example, according to the “Incidents of Abdollah bin Tahir’s Time” written by Gardizi, in the year 830 AD a terrible earthquake struck the town of Forghaneh and reduced many homes to rubble. After 2,700 years the Qanat still provides drinking and agricultural water to nearly 40,000 people of Gonabad. Zarech is the longest qanat in the world, its tunnel extends to 100km and it dates back to 3000 years ago. Built between 700 and 500 BCE by the Achaemenid Empire in what is now Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, the complex contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 metres (20.575 mi). There are also other historical texts proving that the Abbasids were concerned about qanats. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. In fact, feudalism was the prevailing system in the rural regions. کهن ترین تمدن های بشری در کنار رودخانه ها شکل گرفتند،در حالی که ایرانیان باستان با دانش مدیریت درست منابع آبی تمدن پارس را بوجود آوردند. It is located at Gonabad , Razavi Khorasan Province , Iran and contains 427 water wells with a … Therefore, this policy did not differ from that of the Achaemenids in not getting any tax from the people who revived abandoned lands. Ten years later, in 2002–2003, the number of qanats was reported as 33,691 with a total discharge of 8 billion cubic meters. In fact, this law was passed only after the growing number of the pumped wells sounded the alarm about overpumping and depletion of groundwater leading to the decline in qanat’ flow all over the country. ], [Geography, tribes and minorities in khorasan, Mohammad Ajam, research published 1992, university of Imam Sadegh, Tehran. Gonabad (Persian: گناباد ‎, also Romanized as Gonābād and Gūnābād; formerly Jūymand) [1] is a city in and the capital of Gonabad County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.At the 2006 census, its population was 34,563, in 9,789 families. USA vs Iran_ U.S. Navy ship fires warning shots at Iranian boat in tense Persian In the year 2000, holding the International Conference on Qanats in Yazd drew a lot of attention to the qanats. The oldest Qanat in Iran and in the world that Naser Khosro Qobadiani, the famous poet, has gone there and has stepped in … From the point of topographic features, Siyah Kuh mountains are … Goblot believes that the influence of the Medeans and Achaemenids made the technology of qanats spread from Urartu (in northwest Iran and near the present border between Iran and Turkey) across the Iranian plateau. The main mission of this center is the recognition, transfer of knowledge and experiences, promotion of information and capacities with regard to all aspects of qanat technology and related historic hydraulic structures. The most reliable document confirming the existence of qanats at this time was written by Polybius, who states that: “the streams are running down from everywhere at the base of Alborz mountain, and people have transferred too much water from a long distance through some subterranean canals by spending much cost and labor”. In 1961, another report was published revealing that in Iran there were 30,000 qanats of which just 20,000 were still in use, with a total output of 560,000 lit/se or 17.3 billion cubic meters per year. Later, this Ministry was renamed the Ministry of Energy. Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. Sorry, there are no tours or activities available to book online for the date(s) you selected. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Qanats of Gonabad on pronouncekiwi. In addition, there are so many Qanats in this region, the most famous of which is Zarech. For example, Mohammad bin Hasan quotes Aboo-Hanifeh that in case someone constructs a qanat in abandoned land, someone else can dig another qanat in the same land on the condition that the second qanat is 500 zera’ (375 meters) away from the first one. We have created a browser extension. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Écoutez de la musique en streaming sans publicité ou achetez des CDs et MP3 maintenant sur Amazon.fr. The Arabs’ supportive policy on qanats was so successful that even the holy city of Mecca gained a qanat. This book, entitled Extraction of Hidden Waters, examines just the technical issues associated with the qanat and tries to answer common questions such as how to construct and repair a qanat, how to find a groundwater supply, how to do leveling, etc. [6][7], Nasir Khusraw (1003–1077), in his book Safarnama, described the Qanats of Gonabad as the Kariz of Kai Khosrow, claiming the qanats were dug by the order of the legendary Persian king Kai Khosrow. So the rest of the qanats had a better chance to survive. J.‑C., à partir de techniques minières. Qanat refers to a water supply system that helps the utilization of the underground water. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province. Qanats allow water to be … The Qanat of Gonabad is one of the oldest and largest Qanats in the world built between 800-500 BC. The peasants were not entitled to the lands they worked on, but were considered only as the users of the lands. During the Pahlavi period, the process of qanat construction and maintenance continued. Jūymand is an affluent northern district/suburb of Gonabad. In the years 1992–1993, a census of 28,054 qanats showed a total discharge of 10 billion cubic meters. According to Nasir Khusraw, the qanat of Gonabad was built by the order of Kay Khosrow[4][5], The use of water clocks in Iran, especially in the Qanats of Gonabad and Kariz Zibad, dates back to 500 BCE. Perse antique utilisait un système unique pour irriguer l’eau pendant plus de deux millénaires, constitué de puits horizontaux peu communs. Qanats of Gonabad are ranked among the oldest in Iran. One of Iranian’s honors is invention of Qanats and of one Iranian’s honors in Qanats is Qasabeh Qanat in Gonabad which is also called Keikhosro flume. In 2005 the Iranian government and UNESCO signed an agreement to set up the International Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures (ICQHS) under the auspices of UNESCO. we staied ther for two night in one good ecologe .name was Adibe golestan.qanate qasabe is one of the oldest and longest qanat in iran.it is constricted 2500 years ago in time of achaminid dynesti. Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad is the oldest and largest qanat in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. Three years later, in 1966, the parliament passed a law protecting groundwater resources. As an instance, M. Lombard reports that the Moslem clerics who lived during the Abbasid period, such as Abooyoosef Ya’qoob (died 798 AD) stipulated that whoever can bring water to the idle lands in order to cultivate, his tax would be waived and he would be entitled to the lands cultivated. How do you say Qanats of Gonabad? ], Semsar Yazdi Ali Asghar, Labbaf Khaneiki Majid, 2011, Qanat in its Cradle; Volume 1, Iran: International Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures (ICQHS), pp 75-145, documenting the aqueduct of the Ghasabe Qanat, Cultural Heritage and Tourism administration, "Conference of Qanat in Iran – water clock in Persia 1383", Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region, List of cities, towns and villages in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iranian newspaper farheekhtegan 21/May 2016 No 1949, Iranian newspaper Mardom salari18Feb 2016 Qantas or kariz in Gonabad. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad . Built between 700 and 500 BCE by the Achaemenid Empire in what is now Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, the complex contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 metres (20.575 mi). This site was first added to the UNESCO's list of. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad also is called kariz Kai Khosrow is one of the oldest and largest qanats in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. A document written in the Pahlavi language pointed out the important role of qanats in developing the cities at that time. Gonabad is located in the south of Khorasan Razavi. Later, in the 11th century, a writer named Nasir Khosrow acknowledged all those qanats with the following words: “Neyshaboor is located in a vast plain at a distance of 40 Farsang (~240 km) from Serakhs and 70 Farsang (~420 km) from Mary (Marv) ... all the qanats of this city run underground, and it is said that an Arab who was offended by the people of Neyshaboor has complained that; what a beautiful city Neyshaboor could have become if its qanats would have flowed on the ground surface and instead its people would have been underground”. Following Darius' order, Silaks, the naval commander of the Persian army, and Khenombiz, the royal architect, managed to construct a qanat in the oasis of Kharagha in Egypt. 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