thirty-two surviving coins issued under Ecgberht, king of the West Saxons (802–39), from a mint (or mints) in Wessex. He established his rule over Kent, Essex, Sussex, Cornwall, much of modern Wales, and set his sights on Mercia, the erstwhile though oft-contested dominant power in Britain. Coenwulf. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King, a supreme ruler, sovereign over a nation or a territory, of higher rank than any other secular ruler except an emperor, to whom a king may be subject. The tendency among historians is to either downplay Egbert’s contributions entirely or attribute them to double-dealing or later exaggeration. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Mercia had lost territory, power, and prestige but was still ruled by Mercian kings. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Egbert (also spelt Ecgberht) (c. 775 –839) was King of Wessex from 802 until 839. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Egbert of Wessex was born circa 769 to Ealhmund of Kent and died 839 of unspecified causes. Although later scribes quite likely did embellish on Egbert’s lineage to link him with Cerdic, there is nothing in the contemporary accounts which support the claim that Egbert was anything less than a capable and efficient medieval king. However he conducted the campaign, it was successful. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. The Chronicles note a string of victories following Ellandun and in 827 CE states: “Egbert, in the course of the same year, conquered the Mercian kingdom, and all that is south of the Humber, being the eighth king who was sovereign of all the British dominions.”. The new coin may be described as follows: Obv. 852-874. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia & Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht famous and took a throne. Following the outing of Baldred, Egbert claimed kingship of Kent as overlord to Aethelwulf who served as his client king there as well as over Essex, Sussex, and Surrey. Ecbert appreciates that the Roman gods allowed them rule the world and grasps the implications of that notion. King Æþelwulf of Wessex died on 13th January 858 AD. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A year before his death Egbert won a stunning victory over Danish and Cornish Briton invaders at Hingston Down (now in Cornwall). Little is known of the first 20 years of Egbert’s reign. Mark, published on 19 November 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles for 825 CE reads: Egbert, king of the West-Saxons, and Beornwulf, king of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton [modern day Wiltshire], in which Egbert gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Beornwulf survived the Battle of Ellandun but was killed fighting against the East Angles in 826 CE and was succeeded by Ludeca (r. 826-827 CE) who died in battle the following year trying to complete Beornwulf’s campaign to suppress East Anglia’s revolt. Beorhtric was supported by Offa, however, who sealed a contract with Wessex by marrying his daughter Eadburh to Beorhtric; Egbert was driven into exile and fled to Francia. What exactly the Vikings did after the Battle of Charmouth is unknown but there is no doubt they remained in the region because, in 838 CE, they and the army of Dumnonia met Egbert and his army at the Battle of Hingston Down. Linking Egbert to Cerdic would have enhanced his status and it was a fairly common practice for the scribes of kings to attribute to their liege impressive pedigrees even if they could not be proven. Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Mark, J. J. Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. $50.00 0 Bids 4d 12h. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. THE COINAGE OF ECGBEORHT, KING OF WESSEX, 802-39 By C. E. BLUNT THE recent discovery in Gloucestershire of a new variety of the early penny of Ecgbeorht, with a head of the king similar to that found on the coins of Baldred of Kent, has prompted me to put down some notes on the coinage of the Wessex king. fled from his cousin Beorhtric, taking refuge in the court of Charlemagne, returning when Beorhtric died, poisoned by his wife. Ecgberht was presumed to become King of Northumbria after the death of his father at the hands of Bjorn and his defeat against the Great Heathen Army. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. This achievement should not be seen as a true unification of the kingdoms it was as fleeting in historical terms, as the supremacy of the Mercian Kings, Ethelbald and Offa. When Ecgberht, King of Wessex was born in 0775, in Wessex, his father, Ealhmund of Kent, was 25 and his mother, Princess of Kent name unknown, was 13. He was succeeded by four of his sons in turn, each dying without adult sons of their own to take the throne, until finally his youngest boy became king. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. … Egbert died of natural causes in 839 CE and his son Aethelwulf succeeded him without opposition due to support from the church. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. Kent defeated Mercia in battle c. 776 CE under the reign of Egbert II and maintained its independence through the reign of Eahlmund but King Offa of Mercia (r. 757-796 CE) reasserted his power in 785 CE and again took control of the kingdom. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Beorhtric becomes king of Wessex with Mercian support; Egbert in exile in Francia. "King Egbert of Wessex." Just as the Vikings were easily defeated by the Shore Guard of West Francia in 820 CE, it is likely that Egbert was defeated in 836 CE for the same reason: he had no idea what to expect from his opponents. During the late 8th century, when King Offa of Mercia (reigned 757-96) ruled most of England, Egbert … To the Scandinavians, Saxons, and Slavs, he seemed invincible on the battlefield and few were willing to contest with him even before the Saxon Wars (722-804 CE) in which Charlemagne conquered Saxony and slaughtered thousands. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. Although Egbert would retain control of the north, his grasp on Mercia slipped in 830 CE when Wiglaf returned from exile and regained his throne. Robert Hawker is one of the lucky ones, for he found the Anglo-Saxon coin shown here. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The son of Ealhmund, king in Kent in 784 and 786, Egbert was a member of a family that had formerly held the West Saxon kingship. Even though Mercia would later assert itself and reclaim some of its lands and independence, it would never be the power it had been before Ellandun. Sculpture of Charlemagne - Abbey of Saint John at Müstairby Wladyslaw Sojka (GNU FDL). Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. In 786 CE, Cynewulf of Wessex died and the nobleman Beorhtric (r. 786-802 CE) was in line to assume the throne but was challenged by Egbert – who seemingly comes out of nowhere to assert his right to rule Wessex (thus arguing for Wessex nobility as his origin). Mercia dominates Kent; rules through client kings. Throughout his reign, Charlemagne had engaged almost incessantly in successful military campaigns. About Egbert, king of Wessex. At his death, he was so powerful that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles refer to him as Ruler of Britain, not just King of Wessex. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He had succeeded his father originally to the Kingdom of Kent (believed to be … Egbert was possibly born in Kent, “the son of the short-lived ruler of that kingdom called Eahlmund r. 784-785 CE” (Collins,196). Unlike many of his fellow Christians in Wessex, Ecbert possesses an understanding of a pagan culture like the Vikings, mainly as a result of his fascination with the Romans and their world-view prior to their Christianization. 19/05/2020 Dernier match 334-255-1 Record 56.61% Pourcentage de victoire Ecgberht, King of Wessex primary name: Egbert other name: Ecgberht other name: Egbercht Details individual; ruler; royal/imperial; English; Anglo-Saxon; Male . Although Wessex did not retain the kind of power it had over Mercia after c. 830 CE, Egbert could still mobilize a force and win battles as late as 838 CE, one year before his death. In 828 CE he conquered North-Wales and in 829 CE he accepted the submission of the Kingdom of Northumbria and, at the same time, drove Wiglaf from his throne and took direct control of Mercia. Afterwards, he swiftly took Mercian territory, installed his son Aethelwulf (r. 839-858 CE) as sub-king, and neutralized Mercian aggression. He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. See Details. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, the Viking-Dumnonia forces seem to have declared war on Wessex and taken up a position in present-day Cornwall, daring Egbert to meet them. Related Content Corrections? His current state is unknown, but is presumed dead along with the rest of his family. It’s a Ecgberht of Wessex penny, who reigned … This is long enough to establish an academic consensus against the spelling, and Ecgberht is now much the most common … In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne.He was the father of Athelwulf of Wessex. Æthelwulf est roi du Wessex de 839 à sa mort, le 13 janvier 858. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Nov 2018. Egbert was a warrior King of Wessex who managed briefly to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died. He takes Athelstan into his confidence, sensing that men like his son, the devout Prince [[Aethelwulf]], and his advisor, the Bishop [[Edmund]], wo… AR Penny. Books Although the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles claim 827 CE as the year of Wessex’s complete supremacy, this date has been challenged by archeological and literary evidence. He died in 0839, in his hometown, at the age of 64, and was buried in Winchester, Hampshire, England. +SVVEFNEARD. By the time Egbert was born in c. 770 CE, Mercia was the dominant power and was ruling Kent through client-kings (as they had, on and off, from as early as 664 CE). Ecgberht 771/775 – 839, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, Ecgbeorht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. "King Egbert of Wessex." Other dates 769-771-839 (birth date uncertain) Biography King of the West Saxons;. The Vikings appear to have made a treaty with the Cornish people of Dumnonia, who had been subject to Wessex since Egbert’s campaigns in c. 815 CE. Instead, in c 815 CE, Egbert led his armies west to conquer the region of Dumnonia (modern Cornwall) on his border. Egbert of Wessex campaigns in Dumnonia; conquers region. Issue. Nevertheless, Egbert succeeded to Beorhtric’s throne in 802. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. Thank you! Egbert came to the throne at a time when the neighboring Kingdom of Mercia had dominated Wessex and controlled the sitting king Beorhtric (786-802 CE) through an alliance sealed by marriage. In 789 Egbert was driven into exile on the European continent by the West Saxon king Beorhtric and his ally, the powerful Mercian king Offa (d. 796). $40.00 0 Bids 17h 2m. Æthelberht ([ˈæðelbeo̯rˠxt] ; also spelled Ethelbert or Aethelberht) was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. He immediately removed Wessex from the Mercian confederation and consolidated his power as an independent ruler. Ecgberht, King of WessexVue d'ensemble. In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he sent an army to fight the Dumnonia, who ruled an area roughly equivalent to Cornwall. Shortly after his death, the first Viking raid struck at West Francia in 820 CE. Mark, Joshua J. King Egbert of Wessex. Æthelbald (died 860) was King of Wessex from 855 to 860. In 850, Æthelbald's elder brother Æthelstan defeated the Vikings in the first recorded sea battle in English history, but he is not recorded afterwards and … ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. An Anglo-Saxon coin of any description is on the wish-list of lots of detectorists. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Fils du roi Ecgberht, il devient le souverain du Kent et des autres royaumes du sud-est de l'Angleterre en 825, après la victoire de son père à la bataille d'Ellendun. None of these events has any historical basis but the seamless succession of Aethelwulf, with the support of the church, is the probable historical inspiration. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle entry for that year states how “a great slaughter was made there and the Danes remained masters of the field” indicating a significant victory for the Viking raiders. Wiglaf (r. 827-829, 830-839 CE) then took the throne and did his best to retain some form of Mercian autonomy from Wessex. It is probable that Egbert came from Kent, however, and was descended from the king Egbert of Kent (r. 664-673 CE) or, almost certainly, Egbert II (r.765-c.779 CE) the father of Eahlmund. Whereupon the men of Kent submitted to him; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey and Sussex, and Essex. Æthelwulf. Ecbert of Wessex Played by Linus Roacheby The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). In 825 he decisively defeated Beornwulf, king of Mercia, at the Battle of Ellendune (now Wroughton, Wiltshire). Historically, Ecgberht was installed by the Vikings as a puppet king of Northumbria in … Details of the Battle of Ellandun have been lost, or were never recorded, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles are notorious for brief and tantalizing entries so there is no account of how Egbert mobilized or led his army. The Vikings were diverse Scandinavian seafarers from Norway, Sweden... Reign of Eahlmund of Kent, Egbert's probable father. Egbert seems to have taken time to assemble his military and resources and then met the Mercian armies and defeated them at the Battle of Ellandun in 825 CE. Even so, Charlemagne did nothing at this time to upset Offa’s plans in Wessex – possibly because Beorhtric had a legitimate claim to the throne which superseded Egbert’s. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As king of Wessex, Egbert set about earning his royal spurs. In 829 he conquered Mercia itself, but he lost it in the following year to the Mercian king Wiglaf. Wessex had been under Mercia’s control since 785 CE and there are no records of any military activity under the reign of Beorhtric. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. He maintained Mercian superiority in the region and Wessex operated as more or less his puppet kingdom. Mark, Joshua J. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The entry for 838 CE continues: “When he [Egbert] heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston where he put to flight both”, winning the field and dispersing the enemy. Crowned at … Omissions? https://www.ancient.eu/King_Egbert_of_Wessex/. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. King Egbert is featured in the TV series Vikings (where he is called Ecbert, played by English actor Linus Roache) and is depicted as mercenary, manipulative, and self-serving for the most part, though still a cultured, intelligent, and articulate monarch. This assault was easily repelled by the Shore Guard because the Vikings were surprised by the resistance they met; but they would return later in greater force and be far better prepared. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned … unnamed wife of King Egbert of Wessex; Authority control Q154934 ISNI: 0000 0003 9994 0977 VIAF ID: 295559558 GND ID: 119009285 Library of Congress authority ID: nb2008005344 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ID: 8581. The nobleman Cenwulf of Mercia (r. 798-821 CE) took the throne (probably after assassinating Ecgfrith) and continued Offa’s policies regarding Wessex and its king. By c. 830 CE, he was the most powerful king in the land and Wessex controlled resources and trade from the south of Britain all the way through to the north. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Egbert exiles Wiglaf of Mercia; rules Mercia directly. King of Wessex; Reign: 802 – 839: Predecessor: Beorhtric: Successor: Æthelwulf: King of Kent; Reign: 825 – 839 : Predecessor: Baldred: Successor: … At this time, Francia was a united empire under the rule of Charlemagne (King of the Franks 768-814 CE, Holy Roman Emperor 800-814 CE) who protected the young exile. (2018, November 19). Updates? See Details. Between 825-829 CE, Egbert continued expanding his realm at Mercia’s expense. Egbert was gathering the forces which would win the Battle of Ellandun & shatter Mercian supremacy. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Æþelwulf was the son of Ecgberht, King of Wessex and he came to the throne, and descended from Ine’s … Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England . Even so, it is possible that Egbert descended from Cerdic and a West Saxon noble who was also connected to the Kingdom of Kent would not have been unusual. By c. 830 CE, Wessex controlled resources & trade from the south of Britain all the way through to the north. ECGBERHT 802-839 AD KING of WESSEX ANGLO-SAXON SILVER PENNY 1,65 gr. Many different theories have been suggested for the cause of Mercia’s revival but the most probable is loss of support for Wessex from the Carolingian Empire. England Around 910 CEby Philg88 (CC BY-SA). Ecgberht, King of Wessex. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Egbert is often characterized by historians as operating outside the boundaries of acceptable diplomacy. Baldred of Kent, client king, deposed by Egbert; Egbert rules Kent with his son Aethelwulf as client king. In the 820’s CE, Louis the Pious would still have been able to spare resources to support Egbert in Wessex but, as that decade progressed, he was contending with Slavic incursions, rebellions, and then a series of civil wars and so had his own problems to deal with. For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. In the TV series Vikings, Egbert is seen granting land to Viking settlers he will later betray, sending Aethelwulf to slaughter the Viking settlement, and later granting land to other Vikings when he has earlier secretly abdicated rule to Aethelwulf. Last modified November 19, 2018. Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, Ecgbeorht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. King Cuthred of Wessex (r. 740-756 CE) had defeated Mercia and elevated Wessex (and so Kent) during his reign but these gains were lost during the reigns of his successors Sigeberht (r. 756-757 CE) and Cynewulf (r. 757-786 CE). A freelance writer and former part-time Professor of Philosophy at Marist College, New York, Joshua J. Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Egbert, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Egbert. Some never locate a single specimen, whilst luckier searchers achieve their aim. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Egbert (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Egbert, also spelled Ecgberht, or Ecgbryht, (died 839), king of the West Saxons from 802 to 839, who formed around Wessex a kingdom so powerful that it eventually achieved the political unification of England (mid-10th century). He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. Egbert becomes king of Wessex; probable support from. Sculpture of Charlemagne - Abbey of Saint John at Müstair, by The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). The historian Roger Collins, for example, refers to him as “the Kentish adventurer”, not a noble or prince, and credits his later prominence in history to “West Saxon propaganda” (196). Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/King_Egbert_of_Wessex/. The entry in the Chronicles for 825 CE stating that Egbert sent Aethelwulf to Kent to depose Baldred is considered off by a few months or a year and that probably happened in 826 CE. Scholar C. Warren Hollister credits early Viking raids in the region with the consolidation of Wessex’s power in that both Northumbria and Mercia had been destabilized by the Vikings beginning in c. 793 CE (127). In 836 CE, the Danes invaded at Charmouth (modern-day Carhampton in Somerset) with a fleet of 35 ships and were met by Egbert and his army. Offa died in 796 CE and Ecgfrith, his successor, soon after. Egbert of Wessex dies; succeeded by son Aethelwulf. Then sent he his son, Aethelwulf into Kent with a large detachment from the main body of the army, accompanied by his bishop, Elstan, and his alderman, Wulfherd; who drove Baldred, the king, northward over the Thames. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Throughout the character’s appearance in Vikings, he is routinely depicted as clever, conniving, and untrustworthy which, as noted, has no historical basis but may draw upon supposition concerning his rise to power and consolidation of Wessex. Mercia was an autonomous state by 831 CE, operating without regard to Wessex’s interests, but it was nowhere near as powerful as it had been and never would be again. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex.Thi… Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Egbert ’ s reign because it destroyed ascendancy. Him ; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey and Sussex, ecgberht king of wessex was buried in Winchester,,! Up during the period of Mercian supremacy of the West Saxons ;,,! 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