Three counties of the Washington District (now part of Tennessee) broke off from North Carolina in 1784 and formed the State of Franklin. Some parents in Tennessee remember these musical roots when they name their children. This was aided in part by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge, which was established just outside of Knoxville to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II. Interstate 81 enters the state at Bristol and terminates at its junction with I-40 near Dandridge. history.[65]. Tennessee's 1st and 2nd congressional districts, based in the Tri-Cities and Knoxville, respectively, are among the few historically Republican districts in the South. U.S. troops forced them to march from "emigration depots" in Eastern Tennessee, such as Fort Cass, toward the more distant Indian Territory west of Arkansas, now in Oklahoma. [161], Lethal injection was approved by the legislature in 1998, though those who were sentenced to death before January 1, 1999, may request electrocution. The first recorded European excursions into what is now called Tennessee were three expeditions led by Spanish explorers, namely Hernando de Soto in 1540, Tristan de Luna in 1559, and Juan Pardo in 1567. In 2018, Republican businessman Bill Lee was elected to succeed term-limited Haslam as Tennessee's 50th governor. The need to create work for the unemployed during the Great Depression, a desire for rural electrification, and the need to control annual spring flooding and improve shipping capacity on the Tennessee River were all factors that drove the federal creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1933. It also supplied more regiments of soldiers to the Union Army than any other state in the Confederacy. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee. [131], Tennessee is the leading producer of ball clay in the United States. Tennessee introduced Josh Heupel as its new head coach on Wednesday, one week after firing Jeremy Pruitt. Two of these participate in the top level of college football, the Football Bowl Subdivision. [149] A number of local, circuit, and federal courts provide judicial services. The Highway Patrol is the primary law enforcement entity that concentrates on highway safety regulations and general non-wildlife state law enforcement and is under the jurisdiction of the Tennessee Department of Safety. Tennessee State plays football in Division I's second level, the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS), while Belmont and Lipscomb do not have football teams. Tennessee earned the nickname "The Volunteer State" during the War of 1812, when many Tennesseans stepped in to help with the war effort, especially at the Battle of New Orleans. It is part of the large geographic land area that begins at the Gulf of Mexico and extends north into southern Illinois. Other major attractions preserved by the National Park Service include Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail. The Cherokees were not the only Native Americans forced to emigrate as a result of the U.S. Indian removal efforts, and so the phrase "Trail of Tears" sometimes refers to similar events endured by other American Indian peoples, especially among the "Five Civilized Tribes". This area of Tennessee is covered by fertile valleys separated by wooded ridges, such as Bays Mountain and Clinch Mountain. Such manipulation of the tax, and therefore the vote, created an opportunity for the rise of urban bosses and political machines. The Tennessee legislature ratified an agreement to enter a military league with the Confederate States on May 7, 1861. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Tennessee was 6,829,174 on July 1, 2019, an increase of 483,069 people since the 2010 United States Census, or 7.61%. This control was confirmed at the Battle of Murfreesboro in January 1863 and the subsequent Tullahoma Campaign. Possibly because of European diseases devastating the Indian tribes, which would have left a population vacuum, and also from expanding European settlement in the north, the Cherokee moved south from the area now called Virginia. The state constitution was amended to reject same-sex marriage. As European colonists spread into the area, the Indian populations were forcibly displaced to the south and west, including all Muscogee and Yuchi peoples, the Chickasaw and Choctaw, and ultimately, the Cherokee in 1838. The state of Tennessee is geographically, culturally, economically, and legally divided into three Grand Divisions: East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee. On June 19, 2010, the Tennessee Commission of Indian Affairs granted state recognition to six Native American tribes, which was later repealed by the state's Attorney General because the action by the commission was illegal. This region of Tennessee is characterized by the high mountains and rugged terrain of the western Blue Ridge Mountains, which are subdivided into several subranges, namely the Great Smoky Mountains, the Bald Mountains, the Unicoi Mountains, the Unaka Mountains and Roan Highlands, and the Iron Mountains. Tennessee NAME. The upper wedge of the Mississippi Delta extends into southwestern Tennessee, and it was in this fertile section that cotton took hold. The only spur highway of I-75 in Tennessee is I-275, which is in Knoxville. The name Tennessee has Fire element.Sun is the Ruling Planet for the name Tennessee.The name Tennessee having moon sign as Leo is represented by The Lion and considered as Fixed .. [134] Mines in the basin supplied about 90% of the copper used by the Confederacy during the Civil War,[135] and also marketed chemical byproducts of the mining, including sulfuric acid. [117] Nashville contains many attractions related to its musical heritage, including Lower Broadway, the Country Music Hall of Fame, the Ryman Auditorium, Grand Ole Opry, and the Gaylord Opryland Resort. The state line between Tennessee and North Carolina crosses the summit. [30] Approximately the northern half of Middle Tennessee, including Nashville and Clarksville, and a small portion of East Tennessee is in the Cumberland River basin. Taking to twitter on Friday evening, Morris announced he is now deciding between Texas A&M, Oklahoma, and USC – asking folks to respect his decision. Those districts' residents supported the Union over the Confederacy during the Civil War; they identified with the GOP after the war and have stayed with that party ever since. In Nashville, the Vanderbilt Commodores are also charter members of the SEC. When a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new state out of the Southwest Territory, it adopted "Tennessee" as the name of the state. Through the TVA, Tennessee quickly became the nation's largest public utility supplier. [29], About half the state is in the Tennessee Valley drainage basin of the Tennessee River. [62] It ratified the Thirteenth Amendment (abolishing slavery in every state) on April 7, 1865. [97] Four automobile manufacturers have factories in Tennessee: Nissan in Smyrna, General Motors in Spring Hill, Van Hool in Morristown, and Volkswagen in Chattanooga. In 1864, Andrew Johnson, a War Democrat from Tennessee, was elected Vice President under Lincoln. [152] Historically, Republicans had their greatest strength in East Tennessee before the 1960s. Adamsville – The Biggest Little Town in Tennessee. Both the Court of Appeals and the Court of Criminal Appeals have 12 judges. [21], The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Personal experiences with the name Tennessee. I always thought it was an interesting name, but my friend liked it, so I guess that's all that mattered. From Nashville and Grand Ole Opry to Memphis and Sun Studio, Tennessee has influenced American music for decades. [78][79] In the 1980 census 1,435,147 Tennesseans claimed "English" or "mostly English" ancestry out of a state population of 3,221,354 making them 45% of the state at the time. Memphis was the largest city in the state until 2018 when it was surpassed by Nashville. These school districts operate under the direction of the Tennessee Department of Education. 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