Wedges, and the golfer's "short game", have come to be emphasized by pro players and teachers/coaches as an area of critical importance. To assure a kill, two to four RPG shooters would be assigned to each vehicle. The online dictionary encourages people to stop using the terms spirit animal, Sherpa, guru, ninja, and scalp or risk cultural appropriation. Multiple shooters were also effective against heavy tanks with reactive armor: The first shot would be against the driver's viewing prisms. At the time, Soviet helicopters countered the threat from RPGs at landing zones by first clearing them with anti-personnel saturation fire. It might seem impossible to you that all custom-written essays, research papers, speeches, book reviews, and other custom task completed by our writers are both of high quality and cheap. In response, the German rushed to create an upgraded version of these early anti-armor rifles, the Tankgewehr M1918, the first anti-tank rifle. It is a newer wedge and so is one of the least standardized as to its purpose and thus its design, but lofts for gap wedges are centered on 52° and have a moderate amount of bounce.[8]. [5] This led to the concept of anti-tank guns, a form of artillery specifically designed to destroy armored fighting vehicles, normally from static defensive positions (that is, immobile during a battle). Research occasioned by World War II produced such weapons as the American Bazooka and German Panzerfaust, which combined portability with effectiveness against armored vehicles, such as tanks. As its name suggests, a sand wedge is used most often to extract the ball from a bunker. The Mujahideen also utilized the 4.5-second timer on RPG rounds to make the weapon function as part of a flak battery, using multiple launchers to increase hit probabilities. Lob definition is - a dull heavy person : lout. In 1984,[11] Karsten Manufacturing introduced the first mass-produced "L" wedge, as part of PING's widely successful Eye and Eye-2 iron sets, cementing the wedge's name as the "lob" wedge. Even touring professionals miss an average of 6 GIRs in a round, making chip shots and other close-in strokes typically made with wedges that much more important. Firing from the third and higher floors allowed good shots at the weakest armor (the top). 192, 50735 Köln Telefon 0221 - 224 2541 leserreisen@dumont.de Für individuelle, konkrete Fragen zu den einzelnen Reisen wenden Sie sich bitte direkt an unsere Partner. The RPG-29 uses a tandem-charge high explosive anti-tank warhead to penetrate explosive reactive armor (ERA) as well as composite armor behind it. While clubmakers invented different names for this club, such as "approach wedge" (Callaway), "attack wedge" (TaylorMade), "dual wedge" (Cleveland) and "utility wedge" (Karsten Manufacturing - PING), the term "gap wedge" is typically used in conversation to describe a wedge in this general loft range, and is used by some manufacturers such as Adams Golf. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Mary Ann Sarazen: Dad didn't invent the sand wedge, but he modernized it", "How the 1930 British Open Fit Into Bobby Jones' Grand Slam Year", "Golf equipment sales out of the bunker? All instructional videos by Phil Chenevert and Daniel (Great Plains) have been relocated to their own website called LibriVideo. A 52-8 wedge, for example, would have 52 degrees of loft and 8 degrees of bounce, generally placing it in the "gap wedge" class. However, the features which make it useful for this purpose are advantageous in other soft lies such as thick rough, soggy ground or mud. It has a loft of about 56°, and about 10° of "bounce". [18] The American army is ranking the RPG-29 threat to American armor as high; they have refused to allow the newly formed Iraqi army to buy it, fearing that it would fall into the hands of insurgents.[19]. Wir sind telefonisch und per Mail ab dem 04.01.2021 wieder für Sie da! The Soviets also varied the number of accompanying helicopters (two or three) in an effort to upset Afghan force estimations and preparation. When included in a club set, it generally has the highest loft of the set. In Afghanistan, the Mujahideen often modified RPGs for use against Soviet helicopters by adding a curved pipe to the rear of the launcher tube, which diverted the backblast, allowing the RPG to be fired upward at aircraft from a prone position. However, gap wedges are available from 48–56° loft and with 0° to 12° of bounce, allowing a player to select the club with the exact characteristics they feel they'll need. It can be used with a full swing from the fairway or rough to carry about 40–60 yards, but it's more commonly used with a chip shot from very close to the green, to carry 10–40 yards and "drop" the ball into an exact spot on the green. [4][5] He built his first prototype in 1931 by taking a niblick and soldering extra lead to its sole to add mass, then adjusting the angle of the sole to about 10 degrees from level with the ground, which he found to be the optimal angle to prevent the clubhead either digging deeply into the sand or skimming (bouncing) along the top. | Die ZSB ist ab dem 24.12.2012 geschlossen. [7] In order to penetrate armor they fired specialized ammunition from proportionally longer barrels to achieve a higher muzzle velocity than field guns. Evan Fong (born May 31, 1992), also known as VanossGaming or simply Vanoss, is a Canadian Let's Player.He is most commonly found playing in Grand Theft Auto V, Garry's Mod, or Nazi Zombies.. Silly, slightly cunning, and relatively focused when he wants to be, Vanoss stands out as an almost perfectly generic description of any Let's Player. Gene Sarazen won the 1932 British and US Open tournaments with a new club he had invented that was specialized for sand play. [35] When the Russians began moving in tanks fitted with explosive reactive armor (ERA), the Chechens had to adapt their tactics, because the RPGs they had access to were unlikely to result in the destruction of the tank. Dyk ned i artikelarkivet og find informationer om finansverdenen, aktiemarkedet og erhvervslivet siden 1996 lobbed definition: 1. past simple and past participle of lob 2. past simple and past participle of lob. Unlike the RPG, it is reloaded from the breech-end rather than the muzzle. The wedge typically has low to moderate bounce (0–4°) for fairway and other firm lies, but because of its high loft even 2–3° of bounce will counterbalance the downward force of the wedge's striking face, making a club with this configuration useful in sand as well. List of Amc - Free ebook download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book online for free. However, as tank armor increased in thickness and effectiveness, the anti-tank guns needed to defeat them became increasingly heavy, cumbersome and expensive. [2] He won that tournament with a then-record score of 283 (the sum of four rounds of play),[6] and also won the subsequent 1932 U.S. Open with a final-round score of 66 that would stand as a tournament record for almost 30 years. Kontakt Amsterdamer Str. However, this practice expended much valuable ammunition and was of increasingly limited effectiveness as tank armor became thicker. As a class, wedges have the highest lofts, the shortest shafts, and the heaviest clubheads of the irons. An ultra lob wedge is a specialization of the lob wedge with an extremely high loft, as high as 70°. Such shots include tight approaches to the green, shots from close to a tree or other tall obstruction, shots to gain a more favorable lie on the fairway, and certain bunker shots. The later RPG-43 and RPG-6 used shaped charges, the chemical energy of their explosive being used more efficiently to enable the defeat of thicker armor; however, being hand thrown weapons, they still had to be deployed at suicidally close range to be effective. Newer designs of wedges, especially the sand wedge, have changed the shape of the sole slightly to reduce the bounce along the heel (hosel side) and provide a more curved leading edge. What was needed was a means of delivering the shaped charge warhead from a distance. During WW II, as tank armor got thicker, larger calibre anti-tank guns were developed to defeat this thicker armor. [16][dubious – discuss], In August 2006, in al-Amarah, in Iraq, a Soviet RPG-29 damaged the front underside of a Challenger 2 tank, detonating ERA in the area of the driver's cabin. The club was also not ideal for approach shots from a bunker near the green, as a chip shot made with this club tended to roll for most of its distance. The round is a 105-mm tandem shaped charge with a weight of 10.3-kg (22.7-lb) and has a range of 200 meters and a stated penetration capability in excess of 600-mm (24-in) rolled homogeneous armor (RHA) (after ERA), 1500-mm reinforced concrete, 2000-mm brick and 3700-mm of soil. Today, technologically advanced armies have implemented composite armors such as Chobham armour, which provide superior protection to steel. Sarazen noticed the flaps on the wings that were lowered on takeoff to help create lift, and surmised that the same could be done to a high-lofted golf club to help the clubhead cut through and then lift out of the sand (bringing the ball with it). Le terme de « ferrovipathe » est un néologisme, né de l'association de « ferro », par assimilation à « ferroviaire », et du grec « pathos », signifiant la passion brute. Pro player Tom Kite was among the first players to use such a club, encouraging other professionals and amateurs to follow his lead. While the high angle of bounce can make it difficult to use on firm lies (the sole will raise the leading edge of the club which can result in the player hitting the ball edge-on; a "thin" or "skulled" shot), it can be used much as any other "short iron" would; with a "full swing", a skilled golfer can typically hit a sand wedge between 80 and 100 yards, and with a chip shot, a sand wedge can produce short "lobs" of between 20 and 60 yards. The term "pitching wedge" is now used by virtually all manufacturers and players to describe this club; Karsten Manufacturing (maker of the PING brand) simply labels their pitching wedges "W" for "wedge". In response to the threat of thicker armor, this weapon was replaced by the AT4 recoilless rifle, a larger & non-collapsible – albeit still single-shot weapon. However, modern heavily armored vehicles, such as main battle tanks, are generally too well protected (with thick composite or reactive armor) to be penetrated by an RPG, unless less armored sections of the vehicle are exploited. This wedge is generally made by specialty companies, and some argue that their purpose is redundant, as a regular lob wedge can be "opened" for extra loft in situations calling for such a high launch angle. To further increase the chance of success, the teams took up positions at different elevations where possible. Various types are used to penetrate tank armor; typical modern lined shaped charge can penetrate steel armor[clarification needed] to a depth of seven or more times the diameter of the charge (charge diameters, CD), though greater depths of 10 CD and above[12] have been achieved. In the case of the RPG-7, the rocket is launched by a gunpowder booster charge, and the rocket motor ignites only after 10 metres. The lob wedge is a club with a loft of around 60°, typically the highest in a player's bag. The class of wedges grew out of the need for a better club for playing soft lies and short shots. Prior to the 1930s, the best club for short "approach" shots was the "niblick", roughly equivalent to today's 9-iron or pitching wedge in loft; however the design of this club, with a flat, angled face and virtually no "sole", made it difficult to use in sand and other soft lies as it was prone to dig into soft turf. As a result, since the mid-80s the number of wedges available to players has grown from 2 (pitching and sand) to 5 (adding gap, lob and ultra lob), most of which are now available in a wide array of lofts and bounces to allow a player to "fine-tune" their short game with the wedges that best meet their needs. [10] The basic design of this RPG was developed by the Soviets shortly after World War II in the form of the RPG-2, which is similar in function to the Bazooka (due to the reloadability) and the Panzerfaust (due to an oversized grenade that protrudes outside of a smaller launch tube and the recoilless launch), though the rounds it fires lack a form of propulsion in addition to the launch charge (unlike the RPG-7 rounds, which also feature a sustainer motor, effectively making the rounds rocket propelled grenades). This meant that if the infantry was on foot, they might not have access to these wheeled, vehicle-towed anti-tank guns. Soviet RPGs were used extensively during the Vietnam War (by the Vietnam People's Army and Vietcong),[11] as well as during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by the Mujahideen and against South Africans in Angola and Namibia (formerly South West Africa) by SWAPO guerillas during what the South Africans called the South African Border War. How to use lob in a sentence. [17] In May 2008, The New York Times disclosed that an American M1 tank had also been damaged by an RPG-29 in Iraq. The Urban Thesaurus was created by indexing millions of different slang terms which are defined on sites like Urban Dictionary. The incident was not made public until May 2007; in response to accusations, the MoD said "We have never claimed that the Challenger 2 is impenetrable." The skirt or mesh armor (cage armor) triggers the RPG on contact and much of the molten jet that a shaped charge produces dissipates before coming into contact with the main armor of the vehicle. To fill this "gap" in loft and distance, some golfers began carrying an additional wedge in the 50–54° range. These greens require an approach shot that drops the ball very precisely onto the green near the pin, and then "sticks" with little or no roll to prevent the ball following an uneven grade or overshooting the pin into a hazard. This led to the tradition of calling these high-lofted irons "wedges", regardless of the amount of bounce (angle of the sole to the ground) that the sole provided. Substantially more expensive guided anti-tank missiles are used at larger distances or when accuracy is paramount. The Professor and the Madman, masterfully researched and eloquently written, is an extraordinary tale of madness, genius, and the incredible obsessions of two remarkable men that led to the making of the Oxford English Dictionary-- and literary history.The compilation of the OED, begun in 1857, was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken. This club was often the pitching wedge or 9-iron from the player's older "muscle-back" set, but as the practice became more common, manufacturers began designing wedges specifically for this role. This led to some isolated experiments with higher caliber rifles, similar to elephant guns, using armor-piercing ammunition. It is used for specialized shots requiring either extreme launch angle, short carry distance and/or no rolling distance after impact.[9][10]. Flannery & Leech, Golf Through The Ages, 600 Years of Golfing Art. A sand wedge is a type of golf club with a specialized design intended to help the player play the ball from soft lies such as sand bunkers. Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. The small arms were used to button the tank up and keep any infantry occupied, while the RPG gunner struck at the tank. While larger anti-tank guns were more effective, the weight of these anti-tank guns meant that they increasingly were mounted on wheeled, towed platforms. Tank columns were eventually protected by attached self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU-23-4 Shilka, 9K22 Tunguska) used in the ground role to suppress and destroy Chechen ambushes. aah aal aas aba abb abo abs aby ace ach act add ado ads adz aff aft aga age ago ags aha ahi ahs aia aid ail aim ain air ais ait aka ake ala alb ale alf all alp als alt ama ami amp amu ana and ane ani ann ant any ape apo app apt arb arc ard are arf ark arm ars art ary ash ask asp ass ate att aua aue auf auk ava ave avo awa awe awl … Before the adoption of the shaped charge, anti-tank guns and tank guns relied primarily on kinetic energy of metal shells to defeat armor. A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired missile weapon that launches rockets equipped with an explosive warhead. The pitching wedge was de-lofted along with the numbered irons from about 50–52° to about 45–48°; however, sand wedges remained the same, because their 54–58° loft is part of their design which makes them effective at cutting through sand. By 1961, the M72 LAW was in use. With reloadable RPGs, a new rocket can be inserted into the muzzle of the weapon after firing. The official Urban Dictionary API is … This is the SpellCHEX dictionary for online spell checking. The resulting clubhead profile was roughly wedge-shaped as opposed to the blade-like style of high-lofted irons, hence the name. A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy. The resulting club had a wedge-shaped profile, and offered better loft to escape from deep or sloped bunkers (unlike the older low-lofted "jigger" traditionally used for bunker shots), while not "digging in" to the soft sand like a lofted iron such as the niblick would normally do. Lob definition, to hit (a ball) in a high arc to the back of the opponent's court. So-called PRIGs (Propelled Recoilless Improvised Grenade) were improvised warheads used by the Provisional IRA. Recently, a ruling by the USGA and R&A to ban the sale of wedges with backspin-increasing 'square' grooves (but grandfathered certain existing designs) accelerated revenues from wedge sales as golfers rushed to acquire designs incorporating these grooves before the ban took effect. IA, 2003. Players will often use a lob wedge to play from a sand trap adjacent to the green, instead of "opening" a sand wedge (a more difficult shot to make accurately). [2][3] The lower loft prevented the club "digging in" to soft lies, but the low launch angle and relatively high resistance to the club moving through the sand to "dig out" a buried ball made recovery from a bunker with this club very difficult. It is used for specialized, extremely high-angle shots such as from the "lip" of a bunker. Science (1 matching dictionary) lob-: Glossary of Roots of Botanical Names [home, info] Slang (1 matching dictionary) L.O.B, lob, the lob: Urban Dictionary [home, info] Sports (4 matching dictionaries) Lob: Tennis Glossary [home, info] Lob, lob: Hickok Sports Glossaries [home, info] Lob: Sports Definitions [home, info] [citation needed] Militants have also used RPGs against helicopters: Taliban fighters shot down U.S. CH-47 Chinook helicopters in June 2005 and August 2011; and Somali militiamen shot down two U.S. UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters during the Battle of Mogadishu in 1993. Nor can most RPG rockets be controlled in flight after being aimed and launched. Afghans sometimes used RPG-7s at extreme range, exploded by their 4.5-second self-destruct timer, which translates to roughly 950m flight distance, as a method of long distance approach denial for infantry and reconnaissance. Wir wünschen besinnliche Feiertage und alles Gute für das neue Jahr! 1. Aanrud, Hans, 1863-1953. As irons became more standardized in the 20s through the 40s, the wide sole of the sand wedge was copied on other mid- and high-lofted irons to add mass, which compensates for the progressively shorter shaft lengths to provide a similar feel across all the irons with a given swing. ", "CBS Sports - Finding the wedge that will help fill the gap in your game", Professional Golfers' Association (Great Britain and Ireland), Professional Golfers' Association of America, American Society of Golf Course Architects, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wedge_(golf)&oldid=978154758, Articles needing additional references from June 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 06:43. Prior to firing and decreased the risk of injury from hot exhaust.! Use such a system detects and shoots down incoming projectiles before they reach the vehicle in... 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