Malacca's relationships with Ming China granted it protection from attacks by Siam and Majapahit. [41] However, Malacca has no dry season as average rainfall is more than 100 mm (3.9 in) for each month. Constructed on the bridge was about a score of market stalls: an easy location for small watercraft to reach with their loads of produce and also close to the docks where foreign sea-going vessels unloaded goods for transhipment. Most of these tourists love to enjoy grilled fish and asam pedas in Malacca. [103], The second largest football stadium in the state of Malacca, Hang Tuah Stadium, is located in the city; it has a capacity of around 15,000 and is the oldest stadium in the state. [64] Among the unique Malacca culture is Dondang Sayang which is recognized by UNESCO. The total capacity of the refinery is 270,000 barrels of oil per day. Due to its riches, the news of the success of Malacca reached the Portuguese, who had an established presence on Indian ports. [77], There is one public hospital and twelve government health clinics in and nearby the city. [14] Like other traders, the Chinese established their own area in the city, occupying the southeast side of the port around a hill called Bukit Cina, where they constructed temples and a well called Hang Li Poh's Well, named after Hang Li Po, the fifth wife of the sixth Sultan of Malacca, Mansur Shah, who was a Chinese princess from the Ming Dynasty.[14][17]. [21] The news of the city's capture reached the Ming Dynasty of China; the Chinese were also displeased about the kidnapping of many Chinese children by the Portuguese in Tuen Mun. Malacca travel guide from Wikivoyage, For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see, City and state capital in Malacca, Malaysia, World War II, post-independence and present, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWade2005 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca, List of twin towns and sister cities in Malaysia, https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/uploads/files/6_Newsletter/Newsletter%202020/DOSM_DOSM_MELAKA_1_2020_Siri-81.pdf, "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Melaka)", "Eight new sites, from the Straits of Malacca, to Papua New Guinea and San Marino, added to UNESCO's World Heritage List", "Malaca Os irredutíveis filhos de Albuquerque", "Melaka, Johor and Aceh: A bird's eye view over a Portuguese-Malay Triangular Balance (1575–1619)", "Melaka – A Cosmopolitan City in Southeast Asia", "Invasion of Malaya and Singapore (8 December 1941 – 15 February 1942)", "List of Parliamentary Elections Parts and State Legislative Assemblies on Every States", "Touristic Impressions of Social Transformation in Melaka", "The Tourism Industry in the State of Melaka", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "CLIMAT summary for 48665: Malacca (Malaysia) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "Klimatafel von Malacca (Melaka) / Malaysia", "Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia", "The Development of Articles in Baba Malay", "The Malay Chetty Creole Language of Malacca: A Historical and Linguistic Perspective", "When the World Came to Southeast Asia – Malacca and the Global Economy", "Malacca Stands to Benefit from "Belt And Road" Initiative", "(Synopsis) Auditor's General Report on the activities of the Malacca State Government Departments and Agencies and the Management of State Government Companies", "Melaka wujud Pusat Perdagangan Hang Tuah", "We can revive Tampin-Malacca rail service", "KTMB perkenal perkhidmatan komuter baharu dari Seremban ke Gemas", "Malacca wants to revive monorail line to promote river", "Kos taman tema, naik taraf kawasan monorel Melaka RM109 juta", "Lebih 17,000 guna Monorel Melaka sejak beroperasi semula", "Alamat Mahkamah Tinggi Sesyen & Majistret", "Malacca E-Commerce (State Health Clinic)", "SENARAI SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI NEGERI MELAKA (List of Secondary Schools in Malacca) – See Malacca", "Melaka: five ways to see the world in one Malaysian city", "Bukit China: A hill steeped in legend and history", "Padang Pahlawan, that's the new name for freedom ground", "Consulate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Malacca", "Valpairaso, land of steep hills, trains, sea and curves", "Anniversary of the twinning of the Cities of Melaka and Valparaiso", "Melaka is keen to get Valparaiso's help [Melaka Keen To Get Valparaiso's Help In Getting UN Recognition]", "Guangdong & Malacca sign sister relationship memo", "Penerbangan khas Nanjing-Melaka guna LTAM", "Jakarta's 'Kota Tua' and Melaka are now sister cities", "Melaka, Kembaran Kota Tua Jakarta di Malaysia", "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley, List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia, Malaysian cities with a population of more than 200,000, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2010), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malacca_City&oldid=1001956746, Populated places established in the 1390s, Populated places established by the Dutch East India Company, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 04:00. [24], According to a popular legend, Parameswara was resting under a tree near a river during a hunt, when one of his dogs cornered a mouse deer. [46] Around 22,171 were identified as a Non-Malaysian citizens. At the first, Sequeira was well received by Sultan Mahmud Shah. KTMB perkenal perkhidmatan komuter baharu dari Seremban ke Gemas. [46] Due to a large amount of interracial marriage since the era of the Malacca Sultanate, the city features its own ethnic mixtures of Baba Nyonya, Chitty[32] and Kristang peoples. "[28] The early kings of Malacca—Parameswara, Megat Iskandar Shah, and Sri Maharaja—understood that they could gain Ming China's protection through skilful diplomacy and thereby could establish a strong foundation to their kingdom against Siam and other potential enemies. Other academic institutions include International College of Yayasan Melaka (ICYM), Melaka International College of Science and Technology (MiCoST). A population of Portuguese descent, who speak a Portuguese creole, are the descendants of colonists from the 16th and 17th centuries. Oddly, most hotels, including the big ones, don't provide it. [50] When the European conquest begin, Malacca had developed into a cosmopolitan city with a long-standing European heritage. [49][50], As of 2012[update], service sector contributes to the largest share of economy in Malacca accounted for 46.9%, followed by manufacturing (43.5%), agriculture (6.5%), construction (2.9%) and mining (0.1%). [21][23] His intention was described in his own words when he arrived to Malacca: If they were only to take "Malaca" out of the hands of the Moors, Cairo and Mecca would be entirely ruined, and Venice would then be able to obtain no spiceries except what her merchants might buy in Portugal. The current Yang di-Pertua Negeri is Ali Rustam. The city has been listed by several publications, including Forbes and Lonely Planet, as one of Asia's and World's Top Travel Destinations. The secondary schools include the Malacca High School, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tinggi Melaka, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tinggi Perempuan and Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Katholik. Christ Church, an Anglican church built by the Dutch in the 18th century. Institut Kesihatan Sains & Kejururawatan Pantai is linked to Pantai Hospital at Ayer keroh while Institut Sains Kesihatan Dan Kejururawatan Mahkota is linked to Mahkota Medical Centre. [73] Many of them reside in Little India. Things to Do in Melaka State, Malaysia: See Tripadvisor's 33,492 traveller reviews and photos of Melaka State tourist attractions. [62][63], Each group upholds their tradition and it is reflected in their food, religion customs, festivals, culture, design, application, jewellery and handicrafts. The GDP per capita also expanded 11.2% to RM46,015 in 2017, surpassing the national-level figure of RM42,228. [158] Regular boat services to Big Island depart from mainland Malacca in Umbai. [56], Currently there are 23 industrial areas which are centred along the edges of the city proper in suburbs which include Ayer Keroh, Batu Berendam, Cheng, Taman Tasik Utama and Tanjung Kling. The location of the bus stations are based on their districts, Central Melaka, Alor Gajah and Jasin. [154] On December 4, 2017, Malacca Monorail has re-operate[155] with enhanced safety features such as lightning-prevention devices and the addition of a rescue vehicle to attract wagons in the event of a technical problem. [18], Due to the large influence of Arab, Persian, and Indian traders, Malacca soon turned into an Islamic sultanate, and Parameswara converted to Islam when he married a princess from Pasai, changing his name to Sultan Iskandar Shah. [166], Many of the heavily decorated cycle rickshaws (Malay: beca) equipped with sound system can be seen on the streets in Malacca. [49], Melaka Straits Mosque, a newly built mosque in the city's metro area, Cheng Hoon Teng Temple, a Chinese temple in the city, Sri Poyatha Moorthi Temple, the oldest Hindu temple in the city. Malacca state legislative assembly wikipedia file:map of constituencies (as 2015) svg wikimedia commons assemblies malaysia map free. Up to 2018, there are 237 primary schools and 77 secondary schools in Malacca. The fourth dam, Jernih Dam, will be constructed in Taboh Naning in Alor Gajah and expected to be completed by 2018. It is headed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri who is appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. [105], Tourism is a booming industry in Malacca. [3] It sits upon the southwestern coast of the Malay Peninsula opposite Sumatra, with the state of Negeri Sembilan to the north and west and Johor to the east. After Malacca was conquered by Portugal, the city became an area of conflict when the sultanates of Aceh and Johor attempted to take control from the Portuguese. [92], The Malacca Sultanate Palace was built to represent the Malay culture and Malaccan history during the sultanate era. [56], Internal roads linking different parts on the city are mostly federal roads constructed and maintained by the Malaysian Public Works Department. [97][100] St. Paul's Hill is where the Governor's Museum, Malacca Literature Museum and Malacca Light are located. The assembly represents the highest authority in the state and decides on policy matters. [96], The Dutch Square is an area surrounded by Dutch buildings such as the Stadthuys, Christ Church, British Queen Victoria's Fountain, and Chinese settlers structure of Tan Beng Swee Clock Tower in honour of a generous late Chinese tycoon, Tan Beng Swee. respectively. Travellers from five countries recorded the highest rates are China, Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea and Vietnam. [85][86] Other types of secondary schools such as religious, vocational, technical and fully residential schools are available inside and outside the city's metropolitan area. [65][66] For food, Malacca received recognition from the World Street Food Congress for Nyonya Siamese Noodles (34th) and Coolie Street Satay (43rd). After the independence of Malaya in 1957 and formation of Malaysia in 1963, the library was moved to Hang Tuah Hall in 1966. Malacca has three international schools, the Melaka International School, which cater for the local communities; MES and KYS International School, staffed by expatriate teachers, which specialise in teaching Cambridge International A Levels and cater for the expatriate communities. [74] The main prison is located along the Ayer Keroh road, and was built in 1969. Several churches and convents, a bishop's palace, and administrative buildings such as the governor's palace were built. The economy of Malacca City is largely based on tourism. Dondang Sayang is a traditional Malay art still practised in Malacca by four communities: the Malay, Baba Nyonya, Chitty and Portuguese communities. It was then also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008. The state is bordered by Negeri Sembilan to the north and west and Johor to the south. [72] However, many of them now work in the jewellery, fabrics, retailers, merchants and money lender sectors. Malacca's relationships with Ming granted protection to Malacca against attacks from Siam and Majapahit and Malacca officially submitted as a protectorate of Ming China. The city also elects five representatives to the state legislature from the state assembly districts of Kesidang, Kota Laksamana, Duyong, Bandar Hilir and Telok Mas. Search. As of 2015[update], the Malacca State Government has an outstanding MYR861.7 million of loan to the federal government. #melaka state legislative assembly [118] Museums in Malacca are Aborigines Museum, Agricultural Museum, Malacca Al-Quran Museum, Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum, Beauty Museum, Cheng Ho Cultural Museum, Chitty Museum, Customs Department Museum, Democratic Government Museum, Education Museum, Malacca Forestry Museum, Governor's Museum, History and Ethnography Museum, Malacca Islamic Museum, Malacca Kite Museum, Malacca Literature Museum, Malacca Sultanate Palace Museum, Malay and Islamic World Museum, Malaysia Architecture Museum, Maritime Museum, Navy Museum, People's Museum, Prison Museum, Pulau Besar Museum, Stamp Museum, Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum, Submarine Museum, Toy Museum, Tradition and Custom Museum, UMNO Museum, World's Bees Museum and Youth Museum. Malacca is famous for its unique history and is one of the major tourist destinations in Malaysia. [25] This story shows remarkable similarities with and was probably adapted from folk-tales from Kandy, Sri Lanka, and Pasai, Sumatra (both of which pre-date Malacca). (2015, October 1). Sports-related affairs of Malacca are governed by the Malacca State Sports Council (Malay: Majlis Sukan Negeri Melaka) under the Malacca State Government. This map was created by a user. Inflation rate in 2012 was 1.6%. According to legend, the site that is now Malacca City was named Malaka when Parameswara, a Sumatran prince arrived there. The historic central area of the city is located near the old coastline; it includes St Paul's Hill with the ruins of the Portuguese fortress and the Dutch Square on the right (eastern) bank of the river, and the old Chinatown on the left (western) bank. [47] The Chitty are also a mixture of Indian traders with local women of various ethnic backgrounds such as Malays, Javanese, Bataks and Chinese. [6] Amused by this, he thought the place he rested must be an unusual place; following this event, in 1396 he announced the place would be called Malaka. The Chinese Emperor also ordered the Malaccans to raise soldiers and fight back with violent force if the Vietnamese attacked them again. [27] The British established regulations for infrastructure with the construction of, for example, back alleys, chimneys, back yards, fire escapes, fire alleys, and pedestrian arcades. The Malacca River divided the city into two almost equal halves, the southern half being the inner citadel and the ruler's compound and the northern half, reached by a bridge some distance from the river mouth, containing the residents of many foreign merchants. The Syed Abdullah Aziz Road or Malacca Coastal Highway roughly connects the western and eastern sides of Malacca separated by the Malacca River through the Malacca Coastal Bridge. Map of Melaka State area hotels: Locate Melaka State hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. This historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.[19]. It is a popular travel destinations for Singaporeans during the weekends. [20] Malacca continued to prosper until the eighth Sultanate of Malacca, Mahmud Shah, with the various races who came to trade becoming associated with particular trade specialties; the Gujaratis, Tamils, and Bengalis were mostly cloth merchants, the Arabs and Persians waited for their vessels to be filled with goods from China, the Chinese dealt mainly in silk, camphor, and porcelain, and the natives of Malay Archipelago, like the Bugis and other island peoples, traded mainly in spices and sandalwood, and the Minangkabau in pepper and gold, with the Javanese controlling the rice and imported foodstuffs. [38] Due to large-scale land reclamation, it has grown in size, especially in the south. [110][111] Malacca listed as one of 10 Best Destinations in Malaysia by Tripadvisor. [55][69] As of 2016[update], 27% of the population aged below 15 years old and 8% aged above 60 years old. Kesang River acts as the eastern border of Malacca with Johor. Ayer Keroh also houses the Malacca International Bowling Centre. After seizing the city Afonso de Albuquerque spared the Hindu, Chinese and Burmese inhabitants but had the Muslim inhabitants massacred or sold into slavery. [160], Travelling to Malacca by bus is favored by most people. The Tourism Office (near Hard Rock) don't even display it and from what I read, charges a small price for it. Bhd. (UNESCO Heritage sites).
• Rich with Heritage Building, Ancient Landmarks & Colonial Structure. Many of them settle down around the Portuguese Settlement area, which has a population of about 1,200 residents. It formed part of the Straits Settlements, together with Singapore and Penang. In April 2015, the Malacca State Government decided to build the MYR300 million Malacca Information Centre which will be located in Zhuhai, Guangdong.[121]. Hotels; Flights . Later, Parameśwara was escorted by Zheng He and other envoys in his successful visits. Melaka State Hotel Deals: Find great deals from hundreds of websites, and book the right hotel using Tripadvisor's 113,631 reviews of Melaka State hotels. Best view using Internet Explorer 9 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 3.5 or higher,Safari and Google Chrome with resolution 1366 x 768 pixels or higher. [89], The very first library in Malacca was the Khutub Khanah Malacca, established in 1881 and was located at the Stadthuys. [112] Waze App recognized Malacca with 'The Best City to Drive In' Award. With 52 lanes, it is the largest bowling centre in Malaysia.[84]. Malays, Malaysian Chinese, Malaysian Indians, Baba Nyonya, Kristang, Chitty and Eurasians are important ethnic groups living in the State of Malacca up to the present day. Malacca houses the Aborigines Museum in Ayer Keroh.[64]. Malacca has also hot springs, namely Gadek Hot Spring and Jasin Hot Spring. [51] In terms of number of workforce, as of 2013[update], there were 275,000 people working in the industrial sectors, 225,000 people working in the service sectors, 35,000 people working in the entrepreneurship sectors and 12,300 people working in the agricultural sectors. CITIZEN. The idea came from Chief Minister Idris Haron when he was still studying at the University of Texas at El Paso in the late 1980s. [28] In 1431, when a Malaccan representative complained that Siam was obstructing tribute missions to the Ming court, the Xuande Emperor dispatched Zheng He carrying a threatening message for the Siamese king saying "You, king should respect my orders, develop good relations with your neighbours, examine and instruct your subordinates and not act recklessly or aggressively. They adopted the local culture and the Malay language as part of their lives while at the same time preserving some of their Chinese heritage and religious traditions. Malacca served as the staging area for the British victory in 1811. [113] The city also has been recognised by HuffPost as 15 of the Best Street Art Cities. Malacca houses three power stations, namely the 330 MW Tanjung Kling Power Station in Tanjung Kling and 440 MW Telok Gong Power Station 1 and 720 MW Telok Gong Power Station 2 in Telok Gong, with a total installed generation capacity of 1,490 MW. The administrative complex is located at Seri Negeri complex in Ayer Keroh. [106][107], In 2017, the state recorded 16.79 million tourist arrivals, the highest number to date. [24], By the mid-16th century, the two sultanates of Aceh and Johor had arisen to take control of Malacca from the Portuguese which then became the centre of struggle between the three. [90] Another public library branch is in the Malacca Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), while other libraries or private libraries were available in other universities as well as in schools and colleges. [97] The original clock tower was imported from England but has since been replaced with the one from Japan. Several jetties around the state, such as in Merlimau, are used by fishermen. Malay community in Malacca is generally divided into two, which are the Temenggong custom and the Perpatih custom. [101], Daily water consumption for Malacca is 500 million litres and each resident consumes 220 litres per day, higher than the national average of 180 litres per day. [30] The Japanese Army arrived in the city on 14 January 1942 in a convoy of bicycles,[30][31] but as they mainly focused on ensuring the retreat of the British to the south of the Malay Peninsula and Singapore, there was no major battle in the city or other parts of Malacca. Auf Tripadvisor finden Sie alles für Melaka, Central Melaka District: 110.839 unabhängige Bewertungen von Hotels, Restaurants und Sehenswürdigkeiten sowie authentische Reisefotos. Despite been a small state spanning 1,644 km 2, Malacca has been a destination of choice for travellers from China, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. [58] The No 8 Heeren Street Heritage Centre is an old two-storey shop house which has been undergoing restoration for years. Idris Haron Dinobat Ikon Pembangunan Sukan Negeri Melaka", "The Value of Admiral Matelieff's Writings for Studying the History of Southeast Asia, c. 1600–1620", Official Melaka Tourism Action Council website, States and federal territories of Malaysia, Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malacca&oldid=999981343, States and territories established in 1948, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Wikipedia articles that are excessively detailed from August 2018, All articles that are excessively detailed, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. , Malaysia: see Tripadvisor 's 113,810 traveller reviews and photos of Melaka in size, especially the. 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