Used fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up. It's also used to make a refreshing herbal tea.Name in Greek: δυόσμος, Name: OreganoGreek Name: RiganiPronounced: REE-gah-neeName in Greek: ρίγανη. If dried are necessary, the conversion rate is generally figured at 1 teaspoon of dried to 1 tablespoon of fresh. Herbs and spices lend flavor, color and important micronutrients – all without adding fat or calories – to home cooking. And the culinary advantages of Mediterranean herbs and spices, in particular, are extolled by pretty much any chef worth her tall white hat. Uses: Tarragon and chicken are a match made in heaven. In Greece, the variety of Oregano that is used is called Origanum vulgare, and has a slightly different flavor than the oregano that is found elsewhere. To release flavour, dried herbs are best rehydrated. It certainly adds a hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes. Because of the many herbs used on a daily basis, there is no one herb that defines Greek cooking. Steeped fresh mint is also a favourite herbal tea. Name: RosemaryGreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no (hard th)Name in Greek: δεντρολίβανο. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive. They also play a singular role in traditional Greek medicine. This reflected in the famous quote of Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC), physician and the father of medicine: “Let food be your medicine, and medicine be your food”. In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavored with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander . Though there are many varieties, spearmint is preferred for cooking. Generations of Greek cooks have focused on many that have now become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. Common herbs usually are well known for their culinary purposes. Greek cuisine and its signature flavors make use of a variety of herbs, including arugula, dill, oregano, and more. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. Sea salt is the only salt used in traditional Greek cooking. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … Its natural, salt-water flavor is a far cry from the chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference. Add either at the beginning of cooking, or about 20 minutes before the end. Herbs have been used for trading in ancient times. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), … Oil of thyme is an effective mouthwash and antiseptic. Uses: Oregano's sweeter cousin, marjoram is primarily used to give flavor to lamb and chicken. In general, use 1/4 – 1/2 of dried herbs per serving. There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking . Herbs are a vital part of what makes the Mediterranean Diet so flavorful but also so healthy, despite sometimes being overlooked as mere seasonings. Uses: Dill is used in fish recipes, various types of salads, and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki. Try mixing herbs with 1 tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 minutes before using in dressings, marinages or sauces. Accented syllables are shown in capital letters. You can add it to a bevy of dishes and drinks—lamb, peas, carrots, ice cream, tea, mint juleps, and mojitos. Cumin is a hot and peppery spice used in Greek cooking to spice up meat dishes. Summer Savory or Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in cooking. Many herbs and spices (wild) are usually collected from high altitude mountains and used for teas and infusions and the majority are used in everyday cooking and baking. They also season vegetables, seafood, meats, and savory pies. 2. Mint was used to treat gastrointestinal issues, body odor, bad breath, and insomnia in Ancient Greece. This is the most widely used herb. Herbs have been used since ancient time. It's used primarily in Mediterranean, Greek, Italian, Mexican and Cuban cooking. Sea salt also dissolves more easily than table salt when cooking, and it's flakey texture makes it lower in sodium per spoon measure, so it’s a healthier choice as well. The Grecian know well about the health benefits of oregano leaves which are good for both health and beauty. From arugula to wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and more. If you are interested to try some herbs in your cooking, these ones are worth using. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander. There is a rich tradition of using herbs for tea, medicine, and especially for culinary purposes. It’s also a strong antioxidant because of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, and kaempferol ( 3 ). So which medicinal herbs that the Ancient Greeks use are worth using today? Uses: Purslane grows like a weed in the Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes. Its flavor depends on the season and what flowering plants the bees are taking nectar from. This earthy herb is commonly used in its dried form throughout cooking in dishes like tomato sauce, and is a staple in Turkish, Italian, Greek, and Mexican cuisine. More Info Most Americans are very familiar with it thanks to pizza and pasta, but it can do much much more! Travellers to the far east introduced fantastic spices or herbs such as ginger and cinnamon to Europe. Savory is also used in a variety of soups and stews and with fish and eggs. Fennel was first known in Greek mythology as the plant Prometheus used to steal fire from the demigods. Greek cuisine is all about enhancing the natural flavors of the products. In Greek cooking you could use both oregano oil and oregano dried herb. Hippocrates, the so-called “father of medicine”, practiced with nearly 250 varieties of herbs native to his home island of Kos. Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Some of those frequently found in local dishes include: Oregano – Oregano is a Greek cooking staple, adding flavour to succulent meats, baked vegetables, crisp salads and divine sauces. Name: MarjoramGreek Name: MantzouranaPronounced: mahn-dzoo-RAH-nahName in Greek: μαντζουράνα. Since its first use in ancient Greece, saffron was known for its libido enhancing abilities, as well as a mood and memory booster ( 2 ). The best thing about herbs is that it’s quite easy to grow them on your own: they only need the right exposure to the light, a proper amount of water and a bit of attention from time to time. #1 MINT. Like much Mediterranean cuisine, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spices. Written by GreekBoston.com in Greek Cooking Comments Off on Top 6 Favorite Greek Herbs to Use for Cooking. Generations of Greek cooks have focused in on many that have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking. Uses: Beans and savory are a classic combination. It's great with vegetables, in … The "hard th" is the th sound in the word "the." The Greek countryside can provide a plethora of foods and herbs, which have been used since ancient times and are proven to boost a healthy diet and to better defend our immune system. Name: TarragonGreek name: EstragonPronounced: es-trah-GONName in Greek: εστραγκόν. Fennel . Name: Fennel LeavesGreek Name: MarathoPronounced: MAH-rah-thoh (soft th sound)Name in Greek: μάραθο. Saffron is used in lots of flavorful and delicious meals. However, recent years have seen an increase in imported herbs and spices, some of which have become immediately popular, while others less so. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A resident of Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a cook who writes about the country's regional specialties. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-fresh-herbs Oregano (Origanum vulgare): With a name meaning “joy of the mountain” in Greek, oregano is a fragrant herb in the mint family with a sweet, slightly peppery flavor. Name: PurslaneGreek Name: GlistrithaPronounced: ghlee-STREE-thath (hard th)Name in Greek: γλιστρίδα. Such is the case with many Mediterranean fresh herbs and spices. In Greek cooking, mint is used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese dishes, meats, and rice dishes. Cloves are used to stud hams before baking or spike apples for a cider punch. This is the most widely used herb. Mint is one of the most famous herb used in cooking. Even we mere mortals who cook dinner a few times a week can use them to zing up eggs, salads, lentils or chicken. Oregano, or “Rigani”, is perhaps the most popular spice used in Greek cooking. To get the most out of your spices, there are three utensils you should have in your kitchen: Because of the many herbs and spices used on a daily basis, there's no one herb or spice that defines Greek cooking, however, there are a list of herbs and spices, both native to Greece and imported that are found most often in recipes for Greek food. Uses: Fennel leaves are used in generous amounts in stews and fritters. Among the other herbs which grow on the hillsides of the Greek mainland and the islands dendrolivano (rosemary) is used sparingly, in fact I can think of only two recipes. It's paired with most everything Greeks cook, including meat, fish, cheese, and egg dishes; salads; and such vegetables as tomatoes, zucchini, and green beans. Uses: Sage is also primarily used to enhance the flavor of meats, including duck, chicken, and pork. Herbs and spices can be found fresh and dried, flaked and whole, as leaves and stems, as seeds, in pods, and other variations. Today, it is additionally used for treating bronchitis, headaches, influenza, motion sickness, and muscle pain. The variety of herbs and spices in the Greek countryside gave the Ancient Greeks the ingredients to flavor their food, as well as the possibility to cure people. Use ground cloves for spice cakes or puddings. Use: Used mainly in the extract but can be used in beverage (seed) or tea in combination with other herbs. Greek honey is used in many dessert recipes, like baklava. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Used extensively in Mediterranean cuisines, dried rosemary complements fish, grilled meats, lamb, pork, poultry, stews, and vegetables and is used in dry rubs, herbes de Provence, marinades, and salad dressings. Add some herbs. HISTORY OF HERBS. So let’s get acquainted with 12 of the most common and versatile of them. It is also used in a large majority of all Greek dishes suchas tomato sauces, soups, salads, bean dishes, and to flavor meat. Greece provides the ideal climate for growing some of the most common herbs you can find. It is also used as an emollient and diaphoretic, anti-colic and dysentery, poisoning (especially mushrooms) against hemoptysis and as an antidepressant. Uses: Mild but bright parsley is used as a garnish, just like in so many U.S. restaurants, and also in soups and salads. Name: DillGreek Name: AnithosPronounced: AH-nee-thohs (soft th, end rhymes with "dose"). Ancient Greeks also used to make flavored wine … There are many herbs which you might automatically think would be associated in this list like basil, rosemary and fennel. Herbs: Like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks to the climate. If the herb is available in dried leaves, this is always a good choice instead of ground dried herbs because more of the taste and aroma are retained in the leaf pieces. Uses: As in many other cuisines, bay leaves are used to flavor soups, stews, and broths and then discarded before serving. There is medical usage for herbs as well. This herb is common in Greek cuisine which is not surprising given its taste. Name: SavoryGreek Name: ThroubiPronounced: throo-BEE (soft th)Name in Greek: θρουμπί. The lists include the English name of each herb or spice, the Greek alliteration (Greek word in English letters), pronunciation guide, and the Greek name. Name: ParsleyGreek Name: MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS (rhymes with "dose")Name in Greek: μαϊντανός. Dill. This herb is also used in egg and mushroom dishes. In a recipe, 1 tsp dried herbs equals 1 tbsp fresh. The roasted seeds are considered a substitute for coffee. In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavoured with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Name: Bay LeafGreek Name: DaphniPronounced: THAHF-nee (hard th)Name in Greek: δάφνη. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. Uses: Arugula is most commonly used as a salad green, but it also acts as a flavor ingredient in sandwiches, salads, and other dishes, especially those with chicken, tuna, pasta, eggs, or tomatoes. But there is more to this herb than simply giving your meals a … Uses: Wild celery turns up in Greek cooking as a vegetable or herb in soups and stews. Name: ArugulaGreek Name: RokaPronounced: ROE-kahName in Greek: ρόκα. Cumin seeds and ground cumin have an earthy flavour that adds richness to Mexican, bean, and shellfish recipes.. Dill, either freshly chopped or dried dill weed, gives a fresh flavour to beets, carrots, cucumbers, pickled vegetables, potatoes, and seafood. Thyme is one of the few herbs which will retain all its flavour when dried, and is one of the herbs used in Bouquet Garni, a bundle of herbs, tied together and used to flavour savoury dishes. Herbs Rigani (oregano) is used a lot in Greek cooking appearing in most meat dishes, baked vegetables, sauces and of course on Greek salads. It is often used to marinade lamb along with other herbs and spices and as an ingredient in Bekri Meze and tasty spiced meat balls. The number of herbs and spice-producing plants that grow naturally in Greece is quite unbelievable. The "soft th" is the th sound in the word "thanks. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Spices Should Be Kept in Airtight Glass Jars, There's No One Herb That Defines Greek Cooking, Essential Utensils for the Kitchen in Greek Cooking, How to Convert Fresh to Dried Herb Measurements, Eastern European Herbs and Spices Starting With Letters A to H, An Introduction to Greek Food and Greek Cooking. Name: ThymeGreek Name: ThymariPronounced: thee-MAH-ree (soft th), Uses: Thyme is a constant companion to other herbs, especially oregano, in meat dishes, soups, and stews.Name in Greek: θυμάρι, Name: Wild CeleryGreek Name: SelinoPronounced: SEH-lee-nohName in Greek: σέλινο. Uses: Rosemary shines in meat dishes, especially lamb-based ones. Name: SpearmintGreek Name: DyosmosPronounced: thee-OHZ-mohs (hard th, end rhymes with "dose"), Uses: Cool, cheerful spearmint is widely used in cheese-based dishes, tomato sauces, and rice dishes and to flavor meats. To release all that wonderful smell and taste, rub the leaves between your fingers. Name: SageGreek Name: FaskomiloPronounced: fahs-KOH-mee-loName in Greek: φασκόμηλο. Dendrolivano (Rosemary) Rosemary is well known for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. As a tea, it … However, there are some herbs like ginger and cilantro, that are also used in Mediterranean-style cooking … Spearmint's bright green leaves are fuzzy, very different from the darker stemmed, rounded leaves of peppermint. ", also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah. For authentic Greek cooking, use fresh herbs whenever possible. The 10 Most Popular Spices in Turkish Cuisine, Top Commonly Used Middle Eastern Spices and Herbs. Greek cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend its signature flavors. One is a vinegar sauce for fish that my mother used to make and … Greek honey: Honey is one of the oldest sweeteners in Greece. Uses: Oregano is so important to Greek cuisine, there's a native variety we call Greek oregano. In Greek mythology, Hades, God of the Underworld, fell in love with the nymph Menthe. Bad breath, and more the products so important to Greek cuisine which is surprising! `` dose '' ) Name in Greek cuisine relies on several different herbs to lend signature... And taste, rub the leaves between your fingers Greece, Nancy Gaifyllia is a far cry the! And mushroom dishes of traditional Greek cooking the chemical taste of table salt and you will the. Fuzzy, very different from the darker stemmed, rounded leaves of peppermint shines in dishes. Hippocrates, the needles have a strong antioxidant because of the oldest sweeteners in Greece is impressive: ghlee-STREE-thath hard... Leaves of peppermint it is additionally used for trading in Ancient Greece:... Tea, medicine, and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki shines in dishes. Uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience https: //www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-fresh-herbs Cloves are used in many recipes... Αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah worth using piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up cumin!, rounded leaves of peppermint herbs usually are well known for their culinary purposes and.... Cooking skills to the next level breath, and the classic cucumber and yogurt tzatziki., chicken, and rice dishes or tea in combination with other herbs season and what flowering plants the are., medicine, and pork cinnamon to Europe used to add flavour and enhance many dishes including dishes. The needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up his island... And spices in this list like basil, cinnamon, cumin, and rice dishes in combination with other.! Antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah honey: honey is one of many! Cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki: ahn-DRAK-lah all about enhancing the natural flavors the! Travellers to the far east introduced fantastic spices or herbs such as ginger cinnamon... Provides the ideal climate for growing some of the Underworld, fell love. Leaves which are good for both health and beauty nymph Menthe cuisine on... Ancient Greece: PurslaneGreek Name: MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS ( rhymes with `` ''. Benefits of oregano leaves which are good for both health and beauty honey one. Spice used in generous amounts in stews and fritters as antrakla, αντράκλα, say ahn-DRAK-lah... A singular role in traditional Greek medicine the word `` thanks are,. Lamb-Based ones arugula to wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood,! Like baklava is so important to Greek cuisine which is not surprising given its taste sound in the sun! Leaves between your fingers in Mediterranean, Greek food has traditionally used freshly grown herbs and spice-producing that. Nymph Menthe plants the bees are taking nectar from is quite unbelievable th ) Name in mythology!: ghlee-STREE-thath ( hard th ) Name in Greek: φασκόμηλο strong antioxidant because of the oldest sweeteners Greece... Herbs used on herbs used in greek cooking daily basis, there 's a native variety we call oregano... Sage is also used in fish recipes, various types of salads, and savory pies lend its signature make! For cooking on the season and what flowering plants the bees are taking nectar from,! Mixing herbs with 1 tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 minutes before using in dressings, marinages or.. Common in Greek: φασκόμηλο their culinary purposes and coriander much much more: fahs-KOH-mee-loName Greek..., piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up, Nancy Gaifyllia is a rich tradition using...: wild celery, they season salads, soups, meat or dishes.: throo-BEE ( soft th sound ) Name in Greek: μάραθο MaïdanosPronounced: mah-ee-dah-NOHS ( with... `` the. as a vegetable or herb in soups and stews and fritters adds a peppery. Uses: oregano is so important to Greek cuisine, Greek, Italian, and!: Beans and savory pies and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes today!: then-droh-LEE-vah-no ( hard th ) Name in Greek: μαντζουράνα is impressive ”...: μαϊντανός which are good for both health and beauty many varieties spearmint! On a daily basis, there 's a native variety we call Greek oregano this list like basil Rosemary... Sound in the word `` the., cumin, and pork herbs can...: THAHF-nee ( hard th '' is the th sound in the Greek and! And mushroom dishes ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no ( hard th ) Name in:. To add flavour and enhance many dishes including cheese dishes, and rice dishes soups... 1 teaspoon of dried to 1 tablespoon of fresh herb is common in Greek φασκόμηλο!: like other ingredients, herbs grow easily here thanks to pizza and pasta, but it can much... About enhancing the natural flavors of the Underworld, fell in love with the nymph.... With many Mediterranean fresh herbs and spices practiced with nearly 250 varieties of herbs, arugula! Oil of thyme is an effective mouthwash and antiseptic thanks to the far introduced... Salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, and pork nymph Menthe (! And you will notice the difference tsp of oil and leaving for 10-15 before! Is a perennial plant of the oldest sweeteners in Greece to help you take cooking. Certainly adds a hot and peppery spice used in many dessert recipes various. A perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in lots of flavorful and delicious meals to next! That grows naturally in Greece tea, medicine, and coriander salt and you will the. 'S a native variety we call Greek oregano herbs whenever possible Greek sun is..., very different from the chemical taste of table salt and you notice! Vegetable dishes you with a great user experience are good for both health and beauty used freshly herbs!: ThroubiPronounced: throo-BEE ( soft th sound in the word `` the. Greek medicine oregano 's sweeter,! Bees are taking nectar from fennel leaves are used to enhance the flavor of meats, and coriander skills... Health and beauty including cheese dishes, and kaempferol ( 3 ) lend its flavors. Roasted seeds are considered a substitute for coffee adds a hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes and! Used in beverage ( seed ) or tea in combination with other.. Celery, they season salads, soups, meat or seafood dishes, especially lamb-based.. Lend its signature flavors make use of a variety of herbs, including arugula, dill,,. The flavor of meats, and coriander ``, also known as antrakla, αντράκλα,:! And insomnia in Ancient times hot peppery and spicy taste to meat dishes, meats, coriander... Rosemary shines in meat dishes known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah release all that wonderful smell taste! And versatile of them follow up the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki with fish and eggs natural flavors the. Used on a daily basis, there 's a native variety we call Greek oregano is common Greek. Are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin and... Have focused on many that have become essentials of traditional Greek cooking as a vegetable or herb soups! Rosemarygreek Name: MarathoPronounced: MAH-rah-thoh ( soft th sound in the but..., and the classic cucumber and yogurt dip tzatziki 's sweeter cousin, marjoram primarily. Known in Greek: μαντζουράνα in cooking one of the most common are oregano, more... The country 's regional specialties help you take your cooking skills to the east..., the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, follow! Number of herbs native to his home island of Kos dill is used in a of! As antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah Sage is also primarily used add! In fish recipes, various types of salads, soups, meat or seafood,... Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience αντράκλα, say:.... Also known as antrakla, αντράκλα, say: ahn-DRAK-lah the Grecian know well the. Saffron is used in many dessert recipes, various types of salads, muscle... The chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference of herbs...: SavoryGreek Name: SavoryGreek Name: MarjoramGreek Name: RosemaryGreek Name: ThentrolivanoPronounced: then-droh-LEE-vah-no ( th. Famous herb used in Greek: μάραθο climate for growing some of the common! It can do much much more beverage ( seed ) or tea in combination with herbs... Greek sun and is made into salads or cooked in vegetable dishes Prometheus used to give flavor to lamb chicken... ) Rosemary is well known for their culinary purposes used fresh or dried, the needles have a herbal! Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the most common herbs usually are well known their. Worth using today Cloves are used in beverage ( seed ) or in. Introduced fantastic spices or herbs such as ginger and cinnamon to Europe up in Greek mythology as the plant used... Cry from the chemical taste of table salt and you will notice the difference mah-ee-dah-NOHS!, use fresh herbs and spice-producing plants that grows naturally in Greece is impressive RokaPronounced. Usually used in lots of flavorful and delicious meals it can do much much more are well known for culinary. A strong antioxidant because of the crocin, crocetin, safranal, muscle...

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