Why is it called Tupelo? aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet.. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 Sheereen Othman. Black Tupelo Leaves Yes, I still keep my journal! The foliage of the black tupelo is a dark, forest green in summer and changes in autumn to shades of red and purple. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … In early fall, his blue-black berries will delight squirrels and birds. For trademarked plants, the cultivar name will be either a few letters & numbers or a nonsensical name in single quotes that is completely unimportant for the consumer or landscaper. Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. All species of trees and shrubs leaf out at different times. Not all trees turn color in the fall. Black spot fungus begins to develop in the spring when temperatures reach into the sixties and the garden has been continuously wet for six to nine hours. Although slow-growing, it still needs to be sited in an area which affords plenty of room for future growth, particularly since it is so difficult to transplant. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. The leaves range in length from 2 to 5 inches. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. Excellent ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. No need to register, buy now! This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". The leaves are waxy green above and pale green beneath. Long taproot precludes moving established trees. Flowers give way to oval, 1/2" long fruits which are technically edible but quite sour (hence the common name). Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article … Spectacular scarlet fall color. Attractive blue to black fruit. However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Hudson River Park locations: Morton Street to Christopher Street (N1) Charles Street to West 11th Street (N3) West 11th Street to West 12th Street (N4) sections Likewise, the flowers serve as an important late spring nectar source for bees and other pollinators. Share: facebook twitter pinterest googleplus linkedin. Its ability to grow in wet soils make it an excellent selection for low areas in the landscape. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. Plant breeders do this so that if someone propagates the plant without permission, they will have to call it by the cultivar name, which no one will recognize. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. Morphology: This deciduous shade tree generally grows 30'-50' tall and 20’-30’ wide. For these plants, the trademark name is the recognized name for consumers to use in searching for and buying the plants. 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