August 14, 2020 Articles 0 10 . The Issue of the Nile between Egypt and Ethiopia . In February, the European Parliament adopted a strongly-worded resolution against Egypt’s use of death penalty, which also criticized the country’s crackdown on human rights. The Muslim Brotherhood is an Islamist movement that was officially banned in Egypt and was thus unable to operate as a political party. During World War I Britain exercised its power over Egypt and Sudan to further itswar effort without much concern for their populations. The fifty years between the Second World War and the nineties in Egypt were colored by a great number of political, social, economic, and cultural changes. Arabic press review: Egypt pledges to release hundreds of political prisoners Policewomen outside the entrance to al-Qanatir women's prison in the Qalyoubiya province, 30km north of Cairo (AFP) By Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund has a … With foreign investment in some sectors of the economy prohibited, regulatory inefficiency, Sisi, and his cash-poor government are trying to prove they can save a sputtering economy with mega projects. Although officials are playing along in order to maintain good ties with Saudi Arabia, they seem convinced that Qatar will exploit the new agreement in ways that harm Cairo's political and security interests at home. The Lede is following events in Egypt, where its military rulers ousted President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday and moved to devise an interim government. The good points are that it didn’t focus only on the water issue. Civil Democratic Movement: Reform and Development Party [Mohamad Anwar al-SADAT], Socialist Popular Alliance Party, Constitution Party, Justice Party, Egyptian Social Democratic Party [Farid ZAHRAN] , Dignity Party , Freedom Egypt Party , Bread and Freedom Party The current political system was established following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak.In the current system, the President is elected for a six-year term, where they are able to appoint up to 5 percent of the parliament. On 15 July 2020, Resolution No. What are the factors that have facilitated or inhibited its performance? Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry. According to Al-Monitor, Egypt's economy is "trapped" in a "vicious cycle of IMF debts." Live video from Egypt’s ON TV shows Wednesday’s protests. Although the President Gamal Abdel Nasser banned all political opposition, in a monopoly of power within the Arab Socialist Union (ASU), his successor, Anwar Sadat . What Is Totalitarianism? Manfreda, Primoz. Since last week’s ouster of the nation’s first democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsy, Egypt has been gripped by violence as rival sides battle for control. (Photo by Yassine Gaidi/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry held talks on Saturday with his Spanish counterpart Arancha Gonzalez Laya on bilateral relations and regional issues, and the two signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) for political consultation. Definition and Examples, What Is an Embargo? No one knows exactly how many Egyptians like Aboelgheit have fled political persecution. Cairo received a loan of some $1.25 billion (among other loans) from the International Monetary Fund in 2016 to support Egypt's economic reform program, but Egypt has not been able to pay all of its external debts. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took power after the July 2013 coup that led to the removal of President Mohammad Morsi. By Rachel Williamson. 838 Words 4 Pages. As East Africa faces a triple crisis from COVID-19, floods, and locusts, cutting U.S. aid to the Ethiopian government is not the solution. Mitigation of Risk. Opposition continues, and with no consensus on the exact relationship between key state institutions, Egypt continues its long struggle for power involving the military and civilian politicians. The National Council for Human Rights reports that inmates in Cairo's infamous Scorpion Prison suffer abuses "at the hands of Interior Ministry officers, including beatings, forced feedings, deprivation of contact with relatives and lawyers, and interference in medical care. It focused on water issues, agricultural issues, hydropower issues and the issue of trust building, for example, between engineers and NGO. Britain raised funds from Egyptby paying for the cotton and animal fodder it needed at prices below their market prices.In effect, this was a taxation of those industries. A Hydrological History of the Nile The renowned Greek historian of the 4th Century B.C. Political Issues In Egypt. Sri Lanka was in a similar state during a civil war. In addition, various pressure groups connected to the old Mubarak regime continue to wield considerable influence from the background, trying to preserve their political and business interests. The main challenger was arrested, prompting other challengers to withdraw their campaign on possible grounds of intimidation. Despite successive authoritarian governments, Egypt boasts a long tradition of party politics, with left-wing, liberal, and Islamist groups challenging the power of Egypt’s establishment. English edition 15 December 2017 424 pp. They formed an important part of the governance. These officials too were appointed by the pharaoh and also reported to him directly. Manfreda, Primoz. News. Egypt is politically stable, but there have been many examples of unrest in recent years. Egypt's everyday problems fester as political turmoil continues. (accessed January 25, 2021). Egypt has only a limited democracy, where elections allow only some political parites, and the elections have proven to allow few changes from pre-democratic times. Share. She added that the meeting discussed the issue of the course of negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan. It includes a fairly detailed description of the issue of who controls the Nile's waters, conflict bewteen the Coptic Christians and the Muslims, and information on Egypt's next election. Egypt’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey recorded a globally unprecedented 17 percent increase in the country’s total fertility rate since 2008. Politics in Egypt and the Middle East in general became turbulent after the end of World War II. Egypt has been a republic since King Farouk was overthrown by the Free Officers Movement in 1952. The politics of Egypt are based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government. In brief . The new warning is a fresh blow to Egypt’s tourism industry, already devastated from the past two years of political uncertainty. Egypt has officially entered the “water poverty” era, in which the per capita share is less than 1,000 cubic meters annually. Mohamed Salman, professor of political science at Cairo University, is an expert on the Nile Basin. Secular political parties and ultra-conservative Salafi groups are trying to block the ascendancy of the Muslim Brotherhood, while various pro-democracy activist groups keep pressing for radical change promised in the early days of the anti-Mubarak uprising. The pair also discussed a number of regional issues and agreed to pursue political discussions concerning issues of mutual concern, the statement added. Syria’s longtime Foreign Minister al-Moallem dies age 79. Brookings reports that the Islamic State rose within the Sinai Peninsula due to the "failure of securitized counterterrorism as a strategy. The first and most liberal of these was the 1923 constitution, which was promulgated just after Britain declared Egypt’s independence. Updated 4:02 PM EDT, Wed July 10, 2013 Story highlights . The negative points is that it does not address the gap between the rate of development in the Nile Basin countries. Definition and Examples, An Overview of Egyptian Geography, History & Modern Politics, What Is Autocracy? The Political Economy of Reforms in Egypt Issues and Policymaking since 1952 Khalid Ikram. Nigeria Political Issues: Overview, Causes and Solutions. Egypt Asserts That Water Crisis Is a Political Priority Asharq Al-awsat 11:04 UK Export Finance unlocks trade to Egypt and supports UK jobs with £1.7bn guarantee 10:24 Egypt briefs African ambassadors on preparations for Aswan Forum II Ahram Online 10:05 Manfreda, Primoz. Since January 2011, Egypt has experienced significant political turmoil and the political environment remains restrictive. Mubarak’s fall in early 2011 unleashed a new flurry of political activity, and hundreds of new political parties and civil society groups emerged, representing a wide range of ideological currents. Egypt - Egypt - Government and society: Egypt has operated under several constitutions, both as a monarchy and, after 1952, as a republic. Egypt Faces Political Crisis as Severe Energy Issues Can't be Blamed on Muslim Brotherhood. He is the author of Egypt: Economic Management in a Period of Transition (1981) and The Egyptian Economy, 1952–2000: Performance, Policies, and Issues (2006). Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in the 10th millennium BCE. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email. Long known for its ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, The construction of the dam will affect Sudan and Egypt's political relations with Ethiopia. 20 Excel charts 15X23cm ISBN 9789774167942 For sale worldwide $ 49.95. The political legitimacy being granted to the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt via this transition has provided Hamas, an outgrowth of the Muslim Brotherhood, with an opportunity to rebrand itself as a mainstream political operator, one that is just as capable as the Muslim Brotherhood to break out of political isolation in Gaza. What are the long-term structural features of the Egyptian economy? This cruc. Cairo and other Egyptian cities see huge rallies for and against President Morsi a year after he took power, with five people killed in violence. Egypt issues new data protection law September 28, 2020 by Ghada El Ehwany and Kellie Blyth 3 Mins Read. They were given specialised tasks and were responsible for completing them honestly. Aon Risk Solutions reports that the "overall terrorism and political violence level for Egypt is very high." Other amendments expanded the role of the Armed Forces and military courts over the civilian population, seemingly heading the country on a path to a more autocratic rule. Tag Archives: Political issues. Ryan Broderick, Sarah LeTrent and BuzzFeed/CNN. Brief Analysis. Definition and Examples, What Is a Coup d’Etat? The Blue Nile nourished the desert along its banks with decomposed basalt, rich alluvial soil and salts from millennia converting it into rich farming ribbon. In … Egypt is a country more than 15 times the size; the repercussions of its failing would be so dramatic as to be almost unimaginable. Current Political Context Egypt’s presidential elections of March 2018 posed little challenge to incumbent Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi being re-elected with 97% of votes, after all serious opposition contenders halted their campaign two months before the election. Politics 45 SCOTUS Congress Facts First 2020 Election ... 8 issues Egypt is facing. Since July 2013, Egyptian criminal courts have sentenced hundreds of people to death in cases stemming from alleged political violence. The political upheavals in Egypt are being watched closely around the Middle East, and in particular by its neighbours Israel and the Palestinian Islamist organisation Hamas. Public criticism of the country is banned, and according to Human Rights Watch, "Members of the security forces, particularly the Interior Ministry’s National Security Agency, continued to routinely torture detainees and forcibly disappeared hundreds of people with little or no accountability for violations of the law. With regard to the Libyan issue, he said that Egypt seeks a political settlement in Libya and rejects foreign military intervention in the conflict-stricken neighboring country. Egypt's Economic Accomplishments in the 1980s During the political campaign for the presidency of Egypt and prior to the re-election of Presdient Mubarak for another six-year term, the January 1988 issue of al-Ahram al-Iqtisadi made a detailed list of economic accomplishments and financial reforms undertaken during his firs term. Political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on Egypt, Africa, MENA region, and world affairs. Overpopulation and its impact on a range of health issues threaten Egypt’s journey to self-reliance. The Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, can't afford the political consequences of the potential dramatic drop of Egypt's water supplies if the dam's matter is not resolved. This is a paper on the issues in Egypt during the spring of 2010. "Current Situation in Egypt." ", Political opposition is practically nonexistent, and civil society activists can face prosecution, and possibly imprisonment. (2020, August 26). This could lead to riots, looting and general disorder in the environment. Current Situation in Egypt. Egypt unrest: Ramadan begins and the military asks for trust The context can be confusing to outsiders. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Political and security situation. ", Leaders of nongovernmental organizations are being arrested and detained; their assets are being frozen, and they are banned from traveling outside of the country—presumably, so that they don't receive foreign funding to pursue "acts harmful to national interests.". Ancient Egypt Government Facts and politics, structure, officials, Rules.. His authoritarian manner of rule has not helped the country's already abysmal human rights record. Middle East. Cairo’s Concerns About a Biden Presidency Egyptian leaders fear that his administration will openly confront them on human rights and enable an Islamist resurgence, but the outlook is brighter for engagement on Turkey, Israel, and other issues. After a meeting with Sameh Shoukry, the Spanish Foreign Minister said in a press conference that they tackled several issues of mutual concern like combating terrorism, and human trafficking. Following the Coup in 1952, the Egyptian nation became a symbol for the decolonization movement and Third Worldism. Issue Type. Nov 18, 2020 THE MODERN EGYPTIAN STATE is the product of a historically rooted political culture and of the state-building efforts of its founding leaders, Gamal Abdul Nasser and Anwar as Sadat. At the end of 1945 the Egyptian Prime Minister, Mahmud Nuqrashi, demanded the removal of British troops from Egyptian territory and a renegotiation of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936. Army Ousts Egypt’s President; Morsi Decries ‘Complete Military Coup’, By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, BEN HUBBARD and ALAN COWELL. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Egypt's teeming cities - and almost all agricultural activity - are concentrated along the banks of the Nile, and on the river's delta. At the end of January, the nine countries that contain the Nile River, otherwise known as the Nile Basin countries, will meet in Sharm el-Shiekh for what is supposed to be a final round of negotiations on reaching a long term settlement on the use of the Nile. According to Al-Monitor, Egypt's economy is "trapped" in a "vicious cycle of IMF debts.". He said he was also going to highlight the cases of female political prisoners in Egypt, including Aisha al-Shater, the daughter of Muslim Brotherhood leader, Khairat el … In the political hierarchy of the ancient Egyptian people, there were many other officials too who worked under a level lower than that of the Nomarks. But, according to Newsweek, "while investing in infrastructure can create jobs and jump-start economic growth, many in Egypt question whether the country can afford Sisi's projects when so many Egyptians are living in poverty.". restored some competition in the political arena, through introducting a new Constitution in 1971. What was once a great and powerful empire has started to become a civil war zone. In 1959 Egypt and Sudan made an agreement that allowed Egypt to have 70% of the Nile's water flow while Sudan had 30 percent. Militant Islamic groups, including the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda, operate in the Sinai Peninsula, as do anti-establishment and revolutionary groups such as the Popular Resistance Movement and Harakat Sawaid Masr. Authoritarian weaknesses and the pandemic. So here are eight issues about which Egyptians are upset. Where his creations had tackled social and political issues in oblique and symbolic (though still provocative) ways in the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century, they now became explicit commentaries on the revolution. 769 Words 4 Pages. Egypt’s political crisis President Mohamed Morsi and his advisors cannot have expected that his November 22 constitutional declaration would throw Egypt into a renewed state of turmoil. ThoughtCo. Egypt has been in a state of unease since Egypt's former President Hosni Mubarak was toppled during the Arab Spring uprising in 2011. Also, political discontent within the government is likely to grow, "increasing the risk of sporadic, and potentially more sustained, protest activity," reports Aon Risk Solutions. In Egypt, there are 8 different active political alliances based on their religious and political orientation. While a new democracy has defined post-Mubarak Egypt, the nation is still rife with corruption, poverty and civil unrest. Search Keywords: Egypt Data from the World Bank shows an increase in emigres from Egypt … Many of those were convicted in flawed trials . Egypt and Syria faced disturbances too. Current Issues in Egypt - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The political violence that has transformed Sinai into a conflict zone is rooted more in local grievances festering for decades than in ideological motivations. GoodReads Reviews The Political Economy of Reforms in Egypt, 1952-2016 Reviews Egypt police ‘using dating apps’ to find and imprison LGBT+ people. Economic policy will focus initially on mitigating the fallout of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, with fiscal consolidation delayed, but reforms will continue as part of an IMF programme. For example, an aggressive takeover could overthrow a government. A new constitution was enacted in January 2014. When Britain refused Nuqrashi's demands extensive rioting broke out throughout the country. ... Cheikh Anta Diop is a modern scholar of comparative studies between Egypt and black Africans. Egyptians protest the decision of the Supreme Constitutional Court to disolve parliament, June 14 2012. This message of stability sent to the world by Egypt’s successful hosting of this year’s Africa Cup of Nations was even more important than winning the event. Deserts occupy most of the country. Essay about Economic and Political Issues in Egypt. The country of Egypt is largely separated from its neighbors by either ocean or sparsely populated desert, covering an area of 385,229 square miles. Whether Egypt can hold back discontent over soaring prices and economic woes remains to be seen. There is, effectively, no check on the harsh government of Sisi. Inflation, food shortages, soaring prices, cuts to energy subsidies have all harmed the general population. They created the Pyramids and one of the first recorded libraries. Stay on top of Egypt latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. The political upheavals in Egypt are being watched closely around the Middle East, and in particular by its neighbours Israel and the Palestinian Islamist organisation Hamas. These disrupt business operations. Definition and Examples, Decolonization and Resentment During the Suez Crisis, 8 Countries That Had Arab Spring Uprisings, Constitutional Developments in Egypt: The New 2014 Egyptian Constitution, Egypt: National Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Takes Place, TIMEP Brief: 2019 Constitutional Amendments, M.A., Near and Middle Eastern Studies, London University. Still, Egypt has made great advances, and may arrive at a true democracy in the coming years. Executive and legislative power is divided between the military and an interim administration hand-picked by the generals after the overthrow of Mohammed Morsi's government in July 2013. Some scholars have seen even larger links between Egypt’s stable, centralized Egyptian politics and its fascination with an orderly death, including massive funeral monuments and preservation through mummification. Had such grievances been meaningfully addressed by past Egyptian regimes, as well as their Western allies, the violence debilitating the peninsula arguably could have been prevented.". On April 22, 2019, Egyptians cast their votes on the latest amendments, that include extending the presidential term of office from four to six years, and increasing the current president's term, assuring that Sisi will remain in office until 2030. Egypt un… When Britai… Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in the 10th millennium BCE. Egypt Endorses Gulf Reconciliation But Remains Skeptical. This article is more than 7 years old . 5 Defenders of such an approach argue that repression is the only way to avoid losing political control and that al-Sisi has been highly successful at stabilizing the country. 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